Arthur I. Eidelman
Shazia Moosa, Sabeen Shah, Amal Fatima Mohiuddin, Kaniz Farwa Haider, and Saira Khowaja
Panagis Galiatsatos, Kathleen R. Page, Souvik Chatterjee, Joyce Maygers, Sauradeep Sarker, Vanya Jones, Tina Tolson, Felicia Hill-Briggs, Edward S. Chen, and Sherita H. Golden
Olga Vera-Lastra, Alberto Ordinola Navarro, Maria Pilar Cruz Domiguez, Gabriela Medina, Tania Ivonne Sánchez Valadez, and Luis J. Jara
Callum Guttridge, Aidan O'Sullivan, Kevin J. O'Sullivan, and Leonard W. O'Sullivan
Ashley Wendell Kranjac and Dinko Kranjac
Tapas Patra and Ranjit Ray
Patricia A. Kinser, Nancy Jallo, Ananda B. Amstadter, Leroy R. Thacker, Evelyn Jones, Sara Moyer, Amy Rider, Nicole Karjane, and Amy L. Salisbury
Aaron W. Kangas-Dick, J. Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Alexa Griffiths, Asha Khachane, Nicole Bilbro, Regina Hwang, Christopher Prien, Paul Chandler, Zoe Berman, Antony Dellituri, Inna Gelfand, Victor Roszokha, Patrick I. Borgen, Ory Wiesel, Anne Mongiu, Kyle J. Glithero, and Rebecca J. Rhee
Santhosshi Narayanan, Jegy Tennison, Lorenzo Cohen, Catherine Urso, Balachundar Subramaniam, and Eduardo Bruera
Stacy Tessler Lindau, Jennifer A. Makelarski, Kelly Boyd, Kate E. Doyle, Sadia Haider, Shivani Kumar, Nita Karnik Lee, El Pinkerton, Marie Tobin, Milkie Vu, Kristen E. Wroblewski, and Ernst Lengyel
Women may be especially vulnerable to mental health problems driven by the social and economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Results from the National U.S. Women’s Health COVID-19 Study are published in this article.
Xiaofan Jia, Patricia Gesualdo, Cristy Geno Rasmussen, Aimon A. Alkanani, Ling He, Fran Dong, Marian J. Rewers, Aaron W. Michels, and Liping Yu
Diabetes is a risk factor for severe symptoms, hospitalization, and death from COVID-19 disease. The prevalence of COVID-19 antibodies in persons with new-onset type 1 diabetes or those with established disease did not differ significantly from that in the general population of children and adults, according to this new report.
James G. Shaw, Sandeep Sankineni, Charles A. Olaleye, Kari L. Johnson, Jessica L. Locke, John Patino, Farzaneh L. Sabi, and Richard J. McCarthy
The rapid upscaling of a telemonitoring program in which health care providers performed daily telemedicine check-ins on COVID-19 patients faced a unique set of challenges. How these were resolved, and early outcomes are reported in this new article. The researchers described three main challenges. The constant flow of providers into and out of the program. Challenges in the management of Spanish-speaking patients and the need for translators. The initial lack of an alert system in the pulse oximetry program to alert patients and providers when a patient registered a low oxygen reading.
Hongjie Xia and Pei-Yong Shi
SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, blocks the processes of innate immune activation that normally direct the production and/or signaling of type I interferon (IFN-I) by the infected cell and tissues. IFN-I is a key component of host innate immunity that is responsible for eliminating the virus at the early stage of infection, as summarized in this recent review article.
Lukas Maurer, Davide Peris, Jens Kerl, Frank Guenther, Dieter Koehler, and Dominic Dellweg
Not all reusable community masks used for COVID-19 protection are equally effective. A comparison of community masks of major manufacturers, and how well they protect self and others, is reported in this article. The researchers found that the filtration efficacy and breathability (air resistance) of masks differed significantly between the different community masks. However, the two measurements correlated well with each other. For the filtration efficiency, the quality of the fabric, rather than the number of layers of material seemed to be most important.
Satish K. Garg, David Rodbard, Irl B. Hirsch, and Gregory P. Forlenza
The present case reports illustrate how telemedicine can be used safely and effectively for new-onset T1D training and education for both pediatric and adult patients and their families. The COVID-19 pandemic has acutely stimulated the expansion of the use of telemedicine and digital medicine. The researchers concluded that telemedicine is an effective approach for the management of patients with new-onset T1D.
Rebecca A. Krukowski, Reshma Jagsi, and Michelle I. Cardel
During the COVID-19 pandemic, most science and medical faculty began working from home, with women reporting a significant decrease in manuscript submissions. Women also report providing 77.6% of the childcare themselves, compared to 61.3% for men, according to this new study of faculty in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM).
Steven T. DeKosky, Patrick M. Kochanek, Alex B. Valadka, Robert S.B. Clark, Sherry H.-Y. Chou, Alicia K. Au, Christopher Horvat, Ruchira M. Jha, Rebekah Mannix, Stephen R. Wisniewski, Max Wintermark, Susan E. Rowell, Robert D. Welch, Lawrence Lewis, Stacey House, Rudolph E. Tanzi, Darci R. Smith, Amy Y. Vittor, Nancy D. Denslow, Michael D. Davis, Olena Y. Glushakova, and Ronald L. Hayes
COVID-19 can directly cause neurologic symptoms and long-term neurological disease. Elevations of blood biomarkers indicative of brain injury have been reported in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid of COVID-19 patients. Clinical application of blood biomarkers to improve medical management of COVID-19 patients is reported in this important new study.
Anita Patel, Maryann M. D'Alessandro, Karen J. Ireland, W. Greg Burel, Elaine B. Wencil, and Sonja A. Rasmussen
Personal protective equipment (PPE) that protects healthcare workers from infection is a critical component of infection control strategies in healthcare settings. During a public health emergency response, protecting healthcare workers from infectious disease is essential. This article reviews lessons learned from responses to prior public health emergencies from a PPE supply chain and systems perspective and examines ways to improve PPE readiness for future responses.
Xiaoyun Zhou, Centaine L. Snoswell, Louise E. Harding, Matthew Bambling, Sisira Edirippulige, Xuejun Bai, and Anthony C. Smith
In this article substantial evidence is presented supporting the effectiveness of telemental health in the areas of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Factors such as fear of exposure, isolation, loss of income, reduced autonomy, and the absence of a cure for coronavirus infection are contributing to increased stress. The authors emphasize that the provision of mental health support, especially via telehealth, will help patients maintain their psychological well being.