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Information For Authors

Information for Authors

Death Research follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE;, International Committee of Journal Medical Editors (ICJME;, and the American Medical Association ( guidelines and best practices policies.



First-time submissions of a manuscript do not need to follow a specific format.  However, if revisions are requested following peer review, the revised submission must follow all correct journal formatting and file guidelines, as described herein (see Manuscript Preparation and Presentation instructions below).

All manuscripts must be submitted through our online peer review sitea:
***Please read all instructions below before proceeding.***

aCreate an Account in Manuscript Central
Submissions to Death Research are managed through our online peer review system, Manuscript Central.  If you do not already have an account in Manuscript Central specifically for the Death Research journal, you will need to create one. Once you create your account, you may log in to the system to begin your submission. Each listed author on a submission must either already have an account, or have one created, in the system.  Before creating an account for your coauthor(s), search the database using your coauthors' email address(es) to ascertain if an account already exists in the system. If no account exists, you may create one on behalf of your coauthor(s). Please be sure to check the accuracy of email addresses when searching for an account, or when creating one.

Once author accounts have been located and/or created, Manuscript Central will prompt the submitting agent through each step during the submission process.

For technical assistance, contact


NOTE: Word limits do not include the title, abstract, authors and affiliations, keywords, figure legends, tables, acknowledgements, authorship confirmation statement, author disclosure statements, acknowledgments, or references.  Exceptions to the limitations set herein are permissible at the discretion of the Editor(s).

Manuscript Type

Word Limit

Abstract Word Limit

Reference Limit

# of Figures

# of Tables

Original Research


Structured;  250 words






Structured; 350 words






Structured; 200 words






Unstructured; 50 words


Total of 3


By invitation only

Letter to the Editor


Not required




*Authors are requested to submit ideas and proposals for Reviews and Mini-Reviews, but should not submit completed manuscripts prior to the approval of the Editor(s)-in-Chief or Associate Editors.
**These submissions are reports that do not warrant full-length papers.  The requirements for the Acknowledgments and Author Disclosure sections are equivalent to the requirements for Original Research submissions.
***These submissions are brief notes or observations that do not warrant full-length papers.  The requirements for the Acknowledgments and Author Disclosure sections are equivalent to the requirements for Original Research submissions.


Areas of Expertise to be used for peer review:
While uploading your manuscript files, you will be asked to select 4-6 keywords from the drop-down list of pre-selected terms to facilitate the peer review process. These keywords will assist in the selection of skilled reviewers in the field for the purposes of peer review. 

Manuscript keywords to be used for search engines:

In a separate step, you will also be asked to type in, freeform, your desired keywords to be used for search engine purposes if the submission is accepted and published.

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION AND PRESENTATION (Please follow these requirements and sequence:)

Title Page

Create an Effective Title:

  • Manuscript titles should be brief, contain key terms, and clearly identify the purpose of the work conducted.
  • Titles should be no more than 12-15 words.
  • Titles should be direct and to the point.  Remember that the journal has a global readership, so clear and concise non-vernacular language is most effective.
  • Avoid the use of specific locations in the title.
  • Do not use proprietary/trademarked names in the title.
  • Do not use acronyms in the title unless they are universally recognized and accepted.

The title page of your submission must be included as part of your main text document (not as a separate file) and must include the following items:

  • The complete title of the article;
  • All contributing authors' full names, complete affiliation and mailing address, full contact information (telephone and e-mail address);
  • A brief running title of no more than 45 characters, including spaces;
  • Denotation of the corresponding author and his/her complete contact information including address and email address;
  • Three (3) to six (6) manuscript keywords.

Authorship Confirmation Statement
On a separate page within the manuscript file, following the title page, include a paragraph detailing each listed authors' contributions to and responsibilities for the manuscript. This text should also contain a statement that all co-authors have reviewed and approved of the manuscript prior to submission. Lastly, include a confirmation statement that the manuscript has been submitted solely to this journal and is not published, in press, or submitted elsewhere (posting on a non-peer-reviewed preprint server does not constitute prior publication).

Author Disclosure Statements
On a separate page within the manuscript file, following the Authorship Confirmation Statement page, include any financial conflicts of interest, actual or potential, for each listed author on the submission. If no conflicts exist, the authors must state, "No competing financial interests exist." Manuscripts submitted without Author Disclosure Statements will be un-submitted so that a statement may be added.
See the JOURNAL POLICIES section below for more information, or visit the ICJME website at

Abstract Requirements

  • The abstract must be in Word and included in the main text file, after the Author Confirmation Statement.
  • Prepare the abstract on a separate page to be included after the title page and the Authorship Confirmation Statement page.
  • Abstract should be structured.  (Include Background, Materials & Methods, Results, and Conclusions sections identified).  See the Word Limits section for further guidance.
  • The abstract should briefly summarize the background and rationale of the study, and clearly summarize the results and conclusions of the work.
  • References are not permitted in the abstract.
  • Do not use proprietary or trade names in the abstract.


  • Introduction. State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
  • Material and Methods. Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
    Results. The results should be clear and concise.
  • Discussion. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. The purpose of the discussion is to show how your results fit in with the established literature.  A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate.
  • Conclusions. The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
  • Appendices (if applicable).  If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Treat tables and figures in appendices similarly: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
  • Abbreviations. Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
  • Acknowledgements. Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
  • Funding sources.  List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements: Ex:  “This work was supported by the [name of funder] (grant number(s) xxxx, yyyy); the [name of funder] (grant number(s) xxxx, yyyy); and the [name of funder] (grant number(s) xxxx, yyyy).”   It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding. If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:  “This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.”

File naming:

  • Name all files in English and use only alphanumeric characters. Do not use symbols, dots, lines, underscores, or dashes.
  • Figure files names should be formatted with first author's last name and the figure number. (Ex:  SmithFig1)

Main Text File:

After the title page, abstract, Authorship Confirmation, and Author Disclosure Statements, prepare the remainder of the text following this sequence of sections:

  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Abbreviations
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Appendices (if applicable)
  • Supplemental Information (if applicable)


  • Prepare each figure as individual .TIFF or .EPS file
  • Do NOT submit figures in Word, PowerPoint, PDF, Bitmap, .JPEG, or Excel.
  • Line illustrations must be submitted at 900 DPI.
  • Halftones and color should be submitted at a minimum of 300 dpi.
  • Color art must be saved as CMYK - not RGB. (N.B., If RGB files are submitted, the files will be converted to CYMK and some color variation will occur.)
  • Black and white art must be submitted as grayscale – not RGB.

Image manipulation.  Whilst it is accepted that authors sometimes need to manipulate images for clarity, manipulation for purposes of deception or fraud will be seen as scientific ethical abuse and will be dealt with accordingly. For graphical images, this journal is applying the following policy: no specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if and as long as they do not obscure or eliminate any information present in the original. Nonlinear adjustments (e.g. changes to gamma settings) must be disclosed in the figure legend.

Electronic preparation of figures. Use uniform lettering and sizing in all figures. Preferred fonts: Arial (or Helvetica), Times New Roman (or Times), Courier, Symbols. Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.

Additional Information on Converting Figure Files

Converting Word or Excel files: The best and easiest way to convert Word or Excel files into a format which is suitable for print is to scan them using the below guidelines:

  • All files should be scanned at 100% size
  • At least 300 dpi
  • Final color mode: CMYK
  • Save file as: .tiff or .eps

For more direction on how to convert a Power Point slide to acceptable format go to:


  • Tables should not be submitted as images.
  • Prepare and save all tables in Word one file (.doc or .docx).
  • Do not include tables in the main manuscript text file.
  • Do not embed tables within the text.
  • Include a table number and a title for each supplied table.
  • Use Arabic numerals to number tables.
  • Do not repeat information that is given in the text, and do not make a table for data that can be given in the text in one or two sentences.
  • Define all acronyms used within the body of the table in table footnotes.
  • All other types of table footnotes should be designated using superscript letters, not symbols.
  • Name all table files in English and use only alphanumeric characters.  Do not use symbols, dots, lines, or dashes.
  • Table file names should be formatted with first author's last name and the figure number. (Ex:  SmithTable1)
  • Upload table file under the "Table" file designation.

Supplementary Information

When appropriate, we encourage the judicious use of online-only supplementary information (SI). All information/data in the SI should be referred to in the article text, including reference to specific tables and figures in the SI. Upload supplementary tables, figures, and legends as separate files, either as "supplementary file" or "supplementary file for review only." The manuscript should be written so that the paper which appears in the printed journal contains all data which are key to the conclusions and important for the reader to have direct access to when reading the paper. Other supporting data and text are appropriate for the supplementary section. Submitted supplementary items are published as they are received and will not be edited, typeset, or adjusted.

Order of Files During Submission

Upload manuscript files to our system in the following order:

  • Manuscript/Main text file
  • Tables
  • Figure Legends
  • Figures
  • Appendices (if applicable)
  • Supplementary files (if applicable)

Note:  There is a total limit of 200 MB per submission.


Reference List Preparation.  Prepare a numbered (not alphabetical) reference list, in the order of citation within text and double spaced, at the end of the text of the manuscript (do not upload the reference list as a separate file).  See formatting examples below.

In-Text Citations.  Cite all references appearing in the reference list in numerical order, as superscripted numbers (no parentheses) and outside sentence punctuation.

If more than three authors are listed on an article, list the first three authors then use et al. (not italic) after the third author's name. Abbreviations of journal titles in reference section should follow the style of MEDLINE ( If a work is in press, state the journal title in which it is to be published, and include "in press" in parenthesis in place of a volume and page range. When references to unpublished sources/correspondence are used, supply the researcher's name and date.

For Users of EndNote®:
Death Research is not currently included in EndNote, but will be in the near future. For those authors using EndNote, please download the similar output style template for Human Gene Therapy.

NOTE:  The publisher of Death Research does not provide technical support for EndNote. If you have questions, click on the Support tab on EndNote's website for assistance.


  • Journal Article: (for all journal articles containing more than three authors, list the first three, followed by et al.

Febres-Aldana CA, Oneto S, Csete M, et al. The anatomic substrate of irreversible airway obstruction and barotrauma in a case of hurricane-triggered fatal status asthmaticus during puerperium: Lessons from an autopsy.  Respir Med Case Rep. 2018;26:136-141. doi: 10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.12.013)

  •  Journal Article: (e-pub ahead of print):

Shelmerdine SC, Arthurs OJ, Gilpin I, et al.  Is traditional perinatal autopsy needed after detailed fetal ultrasound and post-mortem MRI?  Prenat Diagn. 2019 Mar 20. doi: 10.1002/pd.5448. [Epub ahead of print].

  • Book:

 Connolly AJ, Finkbeiner WE, Ursell PC, Davis RL. Autopsy Pathology: A Manual and Atlas, 3rd Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2015.

  • Chapter in a Book:

Black SM.  Anthropology: bone pathology and antemortem trauma.  In: Payne-James J and Byard RW; eds.  Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine.  Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science Direct; 2015: 169-176.

  • Website: Please follow this structure for website references, including capitalization and punctuation:

List author (if available) and/or page name/title. Website article title. Provide website URL. Include last accessed date.

  • Conference Proceedings:  Please follow this structure for Conference Proceeding references, including capitalization and punctuation:

List all Authors' (or) Editors' names (last name first, followed by first and middle initials). Conference title. Date of conference. Location of conference. City of publisher: Publisher; Year of publication. Complete number of pages in proceedings book.

  • Preprint:  Preprints may be cited in same manner as a journal article; discretion is recommended as preprints are by definition not peer-reviewed.

  • Data References.  Death Research encourages authors to cite underlying or relevant datasets in the manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your references list. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article.

Do NOT create a new submission for revisions of already-submitted manuscripts. Detailed instructions for submitting revised manuscripts are provided in an email which is sent to the corresponding author along with the reviewers' comments. Revised submissions routinely will undergo further review by the same reviewers who assessed the original submission, members of the editorial board, and/or the editor(s). Please do NOT create a new submission for a paper that has already been reviewed and revised accordingly; contact the Editorial Office and/or the publisher if the deadline for your revised submission has expired.  Please note that an invitation to revise any manuscript does not guarantee acceptance.

The views, opinions, findings, conclusions and recommendations set forth in any Journal article are solely those of the authors of those articles and do not necessarily reflect the views, policy or position of the Journal, its Publisher, its editorial staff or any affiliated Societies and should not be attributed to any of them.