Information For Authors
- Manuscript Submission Guidelines
- Author Benefits Program
- Open Access Policy
- NIH/HHMI Wellcome Trust Policies
- Self-Archiving Policy
Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy (ELJ) is a quarterly, double-blind, peer-reviewed publication in print and online that covers legal, policy, and administrative issues surrounding elections and voting rights, including redistricting, election monitoring, contested elections, voting technology, political parties, ballot access, the initiative process, and campaign finance lobbying and ethics. Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy is the only publication encompassing the entire spectrum of issues related to election law, a growing area of specialization both for practicing attorneys and academics.
We invite you to submit an original manuscript covering any aspect of election law. Articles should be accessible and of interest to government officials; practicing lawyers; journalists; academics from various disciplines including law, political science, public policy, history, and economics; and others with an interest in electoral institutions, law, and administration. The primary focus of the journal is the United States of America, but comparative articles and articles dealing with other individual countries are welcome. Articles should be written in proper English, appropriate to the reader groups identified above. Documentation should be provided to the extent necessary, but otherwise articles should not be heavily footnoted. Published articles ordinarily will not exceed 20,000 words, and articles of 15,000 words or less are preferred.
SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS
A cover letter should be included stating that the manuscript is original, never before published, and not submitted simultaneously to another publication. The cover letter should include all the authors’ names and affiliations.
All new manuscripts must be submitted online at:
Prepare a title page that contains the full title of the manuscript, all authors' full names and affiliations, a short (running) title of no more than 50 characters (including spaces), and a list of search term keywords.** (See accompanying note in the second paragraph under the heading "Preparation of manuscripts.")
The title page must be saved as a separate file, not as part of the manuscript, and uploaded under the file type "Title Page."
PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTS
Manuscripts must be double-spaced with ample margins (at least 1 inch) on the sides, top, and bottom of the page. The manuscript should be submitted as a file separate from the cover letter and title page, with all self-identifying references removed; a redacted version of the manuscript is necessary to facilitate anonymous review.
**Manuscript keywords (search terms): On the title page of the manuscript, include a minimum of three (3), maximum of six (6), search terms that will aid in the discoverability of the article in indexing services and search engines. These terms may or may not be different from the terms you selected for the peer review process and areas of expertise. You will be asked to retype these search terms in the submission form when uploading your manuscript. These keywords will be included in the published article. If the search terms entered do not match the manuscript, the manuscript will serve as the default.
Keywords (Areas of Expertise)
To facilitate the peer review process, select 4-6 keywords from the drop-down list of pre-selected terms when submitting your manuscript. These keywords will assist in the selection of skilled reviewers in the field for the purposes of peer review.
Tables and Illustrations
Provide each table and its title in a separate file. Use Arabic numerals to number tables.
All figures/illustrations should be numbered and labeled. The top of the illustration should be indicated. A legend should be supplied for each illustration, and all legends should be numbered consecutively and provided (double spaced). Figures should be numbered in the order cited in the text. Images should not show the name of the manufacturer. Please keep in mind that the figures will be reduced, so please do not submit large figures/graphs that contain small type because the text within the figure will not be readable after reduction.
Please follow these guidelines for submitting figures:
Do NOT embed art files into a Word or PDF document.
- Line illustrations should be submitted at 900 dpi.
- Halftones and color should be submitted at a minimum of 300 dpi.
- Save figures as .TIFF of .EPS files.
- Color art must be saved as CMYK—not RGB.
- Black and white art must be submitted as grayscale—not RGB.
- Do NOT submit any PowerPoint, PDF, Bitmap, or Excel files.
Please name your artwork files with the submitting author's name, and figure/table number (i.e. SmithFig1, SmithTable2). Do not use any special characters, including dashes, when naming your files.
Authors who do not follow these guidelines may have their submission returned to them without being reviewed.
You will be given directions on how to correct any files that do not pass.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT ART FILES
Converting Word or Excel files: Perhaps the best and easiest way to convert Word or Excel files into a format that is suitable for print is to scan them using the following guidelines:
All files should be scanned at 100% size.
- 300 dpi
- Final color mode: cmyk
- save file as: tiff
If you need directions on how to convert a Power Point slide to acceptable format go to https://home.liebertpub.com/MEDIA/pdf/ppconvert.pdf
All authors are expected to disclose any institutional or commercial affiliations that might pose a conflict of interest regarding the publication of a manuscript. Institutional affiliations, as indicated on the title page, should include all corporate affiliations and any funding sources that support the work. Other types of affiliation, including consultantships, honoraria, stock ownership, equity interests, arrangements regarding patents, or other vested interests should be disclosed in the Acknowledgments section.
We do not require a particular style for references. You may use law school “Blue Book” style, the style manual of the American Political Science Association, or any other style understandable to readers from a variety of professions and disciplinary backgrounds that contains necessary bibliographic information.
We do require a reference list of all cited references at the end of the article.
Upon acceptance of any manuscript processed through Manuscript Central, all authors will receive a follow-up email with instructions on completing our online Copyright Agreement form. Each author will receive individualized links to their copyright form. Authors will not be permitted to “share” or forward these individualized links as they are unique to each author. Therefore, it is critical to ensure the accuracy of ALL authors’ email addresses when uploading submissions to ensure the proper delivery of each copyright form and any other pertinent email communications.
The corresponding author is responsible for communicating with coauthors to ensure they have completed the online copyright form. Authors not permitted to release copyright must still return the form acknowledging the statement of the reason for not releasing the copyright.
Failure by all authors to submit this form will result in a delay in publication.
The author is responsibile for obtaining permission to reproduce figures, tables, and text from previously published material, even if that is the author’s own work. Written permission must be obtained from the original copyright holder (generally the publisher, not the author or editor) of the journal or book concerned. An appropriate credit line should be included in the figure legend or table footnote, and full publication information should be included in the reference list. Any fees associated with securing permissions are the sole responsibility of the author(s).
Reprints may be ordered by following the special instructions that will accompany page proofs, and should be ordered at the time the corresponding author returns the corrected page proofs to the Publisher. Reprints ordered after an issue is printed will be charged at a substantially higher rate.
PUBLICATION ETHICS AND MALPRACTICE STATEMENT
Some indexing services require publishers to include the following guidelines, whether or not they are relevant to the Journal. Thus, we are providing the following statements.
In the event a submitted paper falls within the requirements of these protocols, the Journal follows these conventions:
Study Design and Ethics
Documented review and approval from a formally constituted review board (Institutional Review Board or Ethics committee) should be required for all studies involving people, medical records, and human tissues. For those investigators who do not have access to formal ethics review committees, the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki should be followed. If the study is judged exempt from review, a statement from the committee should be required. Informed consent by participants should always be secured. If not possible, an institutional review board must decide if this is ethically acceptable. This information should be outlined in the cover letter accompanying the submission, and a sentence declaring adherence should be included in the acknowledgment section of the manuscript.
Animal experiments should require full compliance with local, national, ethical, and regulatory principles, and local licensing arrangements.
Definitions of Scientific Misconduct
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers generally follows the guidelines and rules regarding scientific misconduct put forth by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and the Office of Research Integrity (ORI).
Scientific misconduct and violation of publishing ethics vary and can be intentionally or unintentionally perpetrated. Some examples of misconduct and violations include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Scientific Misconduct: Fabrication, falsification, concealment, deceptive reporting, or misrepresentation of any data constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
Authorship Disputes: Deliberate misrepresentation of a scientist’s contribution to the published work, or purposefully omitting the contributions of a scientist.
Misappropriation of the ideas of others: Improper use of scholarly exchange and activity may constitute fraud. Wholesale appropriation of such material constitutes misconduct.
Violation of generally accepted research practices: Serious deviation from accepted practices in proposing or carrying out research, improper manipulation of experiments to obtain biased results, deceptive statistical or analytical manipulations, or improper reporting of results constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
Material failure to comply with legislative and regulatory requirements affecting research:
Including but not limited to serious or substantial, repeated, willful violations of applicable local regulations and law involving the use of funds, care of animals, human subjects, investigational drugs, recombinant products, new devices, or radioactive, biologic, or chemical materials constitutes misconduct.
- Conflict of Interest: Nondisclosure of any conflicts, direct or indirect, to the Journal which prevents you from being unbiased constitutes misconduct.
- Deliberate misrepresentation: of qualifications, experience, or research accomplishments to advance the research program, to obtain external funding, or for other professional advancement constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
Plagiarism: Purposely claiming another’s work or idea as your own constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
- Simultaneous Submission: Submitting a paper to more than one publication at the same time constitutes misconduct.
Responding to Allegations of Possible Misconduct
The Publisher is committed to helping protect the integrity of the public scientific record by sharing reasonable concerns with authorities who are in the position to conduct an appropriate investigation into an allegation. As such, all allegations of misconduct will be referred to the Editor-In-Chief of the Journal who in turn will review the circumstances, possibly in consultation with associate editors and/or members of the editorial board. Initial fact-finding will usually include a request to all the involved parties to state their case and explain the circumstances in writing. In questions of research misconduct centering on methods or technical issues, the Editor-In-Chief may confidentially consult experts who are blinded to the identity of the individuals, or if the allegation is against an editor, an outside expert. The Editor-In-Chief will arrive at a conclusion as to whether there is enough reasonable evidence that the possibility of misconduct occurred.
When allegations concern authors, the peer review and publication process for the manuscript in question will cease while the process described herein is researched. The investigation will be taken to completion even if the authors withdraw their paper. In the case of allegations against reviewers or editors, they will be replaced in the review process while the matter is investigated.
Editors or reviewers who are found to have engaged in scientific misconduct will be removed from further association with the Journal and reported to their institution.
If an inquiry concludes there is a reasonable possibility of misconduct, the Editor-in-Chief will retract the paper from the Journal and the scientific record. If the paper is still under peer review, the Editor-in-Chief will withdraw the paper from consideration to the Journal.
All allegations will be kept confidential.
Protection of Research Participants
When reporting research involving human data, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed have been assessed by the responsible review committee (institutional and national), or if no formal ethics committee is available, were in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 2013. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. Approval by a responsible review committee does not preclude editors from forming their own judgment whether the conduct of the research was appropriate.
Patients have a right to privacy that should not be violated without informed consent. Identifying information, including names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, or pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that an identifiable patient be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should disclose to these patients whether any potential identifiable material might be available via the Internet as well as in print after publication. Patient consent should be written and archived with the journal, the authors, or both, as dictated by local regulations or laws. Applicable laws vary from locale to locale, and journals should establish their own policies with legal guidance. Since a journal that archives the consent will be aware of patient identity, some journals may decide that patient confidentiality is better guarded by having the author archive the consent and instead providing the journal with a written statement that attests that they have received and archived written patient consent.
Nonessential identifying details should be omitted. Informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt that anonymity can be maintained. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are de-identified, authors should provide assurance, and editors should so note, that such changes do not distort scientific meaning.
The requirement for informed consent should be included in the journal’s instructions for authors. When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the published article.
When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether institutional and national standards for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed. Further guidance on animal research ethics is available from the International Association of Veterinary Editors’ Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare.
Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy is published quarterly by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 140 Huguenot Street, New Rochelle, NY 10801-5215, Telephone: (914) 740–2100; fax: (914) 740–2108.
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The Liebert Open Access option enables authors to publish open access in our esteemed subscription-based journals.
The benefits of Liebert Open Access include:
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Copyright and Licensing
If you choose to publish with open access, you will retain copyright of your article and a Creative Commons license will be applied. The liberal Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY) license is the default open access license used at Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The CC-BY license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.
Ordering Open Access
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NIH Public Access Policy: In order to assist our authors who have NIH funding to comply with this policy, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers will deposit the final accepted paper (after copy-editing and proofreading) to PubMed Central (PMC) on behalf of the authors. Authors need not take any action. The manuscript's public access posting on PMC will occur 12 months after final publication. This service is provided free of charge. Please note that authors may not deposit manuscripts directly to PMC or other sites without permission from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Publishing in Subscription Journals
By signing the copyright transfer statement, authors still retain a set of rights that allow for self-archiving.
Authors may archive their preprint manuscripts (version prior to peer review) at any time without restrictions. Authors may archive their postprint manuscripts (accepted version after peer review) in institutional repositories, preprint servers, and research networks after a 12 month embargo. The 12 month embargo period begins when the article is published online. Postprints must not be used for commercial purposes and acknowledgement must be given to the final publication, and publisher, by inserting the DOI number of the article in the following sentence: “Final publication is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers http://dx.doi.org/[insert DOI]”. Authors may archive on their personal website without an embargo provided their manuscript is updated with an acknowledgement to the publisher copyright and final published version.
The final published article (version of record) can never be archived in a repository, preprint server, or research network.
Publishing Open Access
Authors that wish to easily comply with funder or institutional open access mandates should consider publishing open access. Liebert Open Access option allows authors to make their research freely available online without restrictions. Additionally, Liebert Open Access option allows authors to retain copyright, archive and share the final published version of their article without restrictions. To publish open access please email firstname.lastname@example.org or visit Liebert Open Access for more information.