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Information For Authors

Manuscript Types and Word Limits Authorship Journal Policies Journal Fees Changes in Authorship

 

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research welcomes original contributions on a broad range of human and animal studies including basic and translational research related to the advancing field of caffeine and adenosine signaling.  The mission of the journal is to communicate advances in the fields of molecular biology, biochemistry and pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, toxicology, neurophysiology, epilepsy and movement disorders, cognition and neurodegenerative disorders, psychiatric disorders, sleep and sleep disorders, cancer and inflammation, endocrine and cardiovascular function and disease, and preclinical and clinical research.

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research follows the American Medical Association (AMA), 10th edition, guidelines for all submissions, and adheres to the standards and Best Practices set forth by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org) and the Committee of Publication Ethics (https://publicationethics.org/).

 

MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION


All manuscripts must be submitted through our online peer review site: 

https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/caffeine

**Please read all instructions below before proceeding**

All submitting authors are required to complete their submissions using an ORCID identifier. Please visit the ORCID website for more information, or to register.

**Create an Account in Manuscript Central

Submissions to Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research are managed through our online peer review system, Manuscript Central.  If you do not already have an account in Manuscript Central specifically for Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research, you will need to create one. Once your account is created, you may log in to the system to begin your submission. Each listed author on a submission must either already have an account, or have one created, in the system.  Before creating an account for your coauthor(s), search the database using your coauthors’ email address(es) to ascertain if an account already exists. If no account exists, you may create one on behalf of your coauthor(s).  For questions or technical assistance, contact AuthorServices@liebertpub.com

 

EXCLUSIVITY

Manuscripts should be submitted with the understanding that they have neither been published, nor are under consideration for publication elsewhere, in the same or substantially similar form, except in the form of an abstract presented at a scientific conference.  

 

Use of English Language

 All submissions must be in English. Appropriate use of the English language is a requirement for review and publication in Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research. For authors whose native language is not English, we recommend using a service that will aid in the translation and rewriting of material into correct and proper English usage. The Publisher offers this service for a fee prior to official submission. For more information, please contact: Editing@liebertpub.com  Please note that employing the use of the Publisher’s service, or any other service, is not required and using it does not guarantee acceptance of any paper.  

 

PEER REVIEW

All submissions are subject to peer review.

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research operates on a single-blind review process. All contributions will be initially evaluated by the Editor for suitability for the journal. During this preliminary assessment, the Editor may determine that the submission does not fall within the purview, aims, or scopes of the journal and may deny admittance to peer review.

All manuscripts deemed suitable and appropriate to the journal are sent to two (2) independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper.  During the submission process, the authors are provided the opportunity to name suggested/preferred reviewers and are asked to provide the names, contact information, and professional associations of five (5) well-qualified reviewers who are not from their university or institution, nor recent collaborators. Anyone the author prefers not to be considered to review his/her manuscript should be named as a non-preferred reviewer.  However, reviewer selection is ultimately at the discretion of the Editor.

Once all uploaded files are submitted, the system will generate an electronic proof in PDF format, which is used for peer review. All correspondence, including the Editor's decision and request for revisions, will be sent via email to the corresponding author of record.  The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles.  The Editor's decision is final and are not open to appeal, except in the case of the most extraordinary of circumstances.   

 

Time in Review

The journal strives to maintain a short, but thorough peer-review process. The average time in review is 35 days, but the Editor will endeavor to expedite manuscript handling if circumstances dictate. 

 

Keywords

(Areas of Expertise to be used for peer review)

During submission, you will be asked to select 4-6 keywords from the drop-down list of pre-selected terms to facilitate the peer review process. These keywords will assist in the selection of skilled reviewers in the field for the purposes of peer review. 

 

Inquiries

Queries concerning the submission process, manuscript status, or journal procedures are to be directed to the Editorial Office.

 

MANUSCRIPT TYPES AND WORD LIMITS

Word limits do not include the title, abstract, authors and affiliations, keywords, figure legends, tables, acknowledgements, authorship confirmation statement, author disclosure statements, acknowledgments, footnotes, or references.  Exceptions to the limitations set herein are permissible at the discretion of the Editor(s).  Contact the Editorial Office prior to submission in such cases.

 

Manuscript Type

Word Limit

Abstract
Word Limit

Max # of
References

Max # of
Figures

Max # of
Tables

Original

3,000

150

100

Combined total of 10

Review

5,000

250

200

Combined total of 10

Mini Review

2,500

200

20

Combined total of 4

Commentaries

1,500

Not applicable

5

1

1

Letter to the Editor

500

Not applicable

4

1 figure OR 1 table

 

 

PRESENTATION OF MANUSCRIPT

(Please follow these requirements and sequence:)
 

Authorship

(Also see the section labeled “Detailed Information About Authorship” in the Journal Policies section below.)

Authorship should be determined at the time of submission. Ensure the author listing is complete and all names are spelled correctly at the time of submission.

 

Cover Letter

A cover letter is required and should be uploaded in Manuscript Central as a separate fileIt is strongly recommended that the cover letter specifically explain the importance and impact of the results of the submitted manuscript.  The cover letter should provide the postal address, telephone number and email address of the corresponding author. All editorial correspondence concerning receipt, status, review, revision, and publication of a manuscript will be directed to the corresponding author of record, who will be responsible for communicating the manuscript status to all co-authors of the paper and for obtaining the co-authors’ assent to any substantial changes of content or interpretation made during revision.  The cover letter must contain the following (or similar) language for the manuscript to be considered suitable for review:

“This original manuscript has never been published before and has not been, nor will be, submitted elsewhere while under consideration for publication by Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research.”

 

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

Manuscripts must be double-spaced, with each page sequentially numbered. Use of a template with numbered lines in the left margin is acceptable.  Preferred fonts are Times New Roman, Arial, and Symbol (for equations) in 12-point font size. (Other fonts may not translate properly and it behooves the submitting author to ensure that all special characters [e.g., Greek characters, mathematical symbols, etc.] are represented correctly in the body of the text and not as uninterpretable graphic representations at time of submission.)

File naming

  • Name all files in English and use only alphanumeric characters. Do not use symbols, dots, lines, or dashes

Title Page

Create an Effective Title:

Manuscript titles should be brief, contain key terms, and clearly identify the purpose of the work conducted

  • Effective titles are usually no more than 12-15 words
  • Titles should be direct and to the point.  Remember that the journal has a global readership, so clear and concise non-vernacular language is most effective
  • Avoid the use of specific locations in the title
  • Do not use proprietary/trademarked names in the title
  • Do not use acronyms in the title unless they are universally recognized and accepted
  • Whenever possible, avoid using the words, “The,” “An,” or “A” to begin the manuscript title.  (i.e.: “The Effects of Caffeine…” should be “Effects of Caffeine…”)
  • Avoid clichés, quotations, and figures of speech in titles.  Keep in mind that readers will search for specific keywords on the topic/area of study, not witty or entertaining phrases.  Pointed titles result in pointed discoverability.


A TITLE PAGE of your submission must be included as part of your main text document (not as a separate file) and must include the following items:

  • The complete title of the article;
  • All contributing authors’ full names, complete affiliation and mailing address, full contact information (telephone and e-mail address);
  • A brief running title of no more than 45 characters, including spaces;
  • Denotation of the corresponding author and his/her complete contact information including address and email address;
  • Three (3) to six (6) manuscript keywords.***


***Manuscript Keywords (search terms)

On the title page of the manuscript, include a minimum of three (3), maximum of six (6), search terms that will aid in the discoverability of the article in indexing services and search engines. These terms may or may not be different from the terms you selected for the peer review process and areas of expertise. You will be asked to retype these search terms in the submission form when uploading your manuscript. These keywords will be included in the published article. 

 

Authorship Confirmation Statement††

On a separate page within the manuscript file, following the title page, include a list detailing each listed authors’ contributions to and responsibilities for the manuscript. This text should also contain a statement by the corresponding author that all coauthors have reviewed and approved of the manuscript prior to submission. Lastly, include a confirmation statement that the manuscript has been submitted solely to this journal and is not published, in press, or submitted elsewhere (posting on a non-peer-reviewed preprint server does not constitute prior publication). 

†See the JOURNAL POLICIES section below or consult the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org) for qualifications on authorship vs. contributorship.

 

AUTHOR DISCLOSURE STATEMENTS††

At the end of the manuscript, after any acknowledgment statement(s) and before the reference section, include any financial conflicts of interest, actual or potential, for each listed author on the submission. If no conflicts exist, the authors must state, “No competing financial interests exist.” Articles submitted without Author Disclosure Statements will be un-submitted so that a statement may be added. If the submission is accepted for publication, all disclosure statements will be published in the article.

††See the JOURNAL POLICIES section below for more information, or consult the ICJME website at www.icmje.org

 

Abstract Requirements

  • An abstract must be in Word and included in the main text file, after the title page and Author Confirmation Statement
  • The abstract should be structured.  (Background, Materials & Methods, Results, and Conclusions sections identified)
  • The abstract should briefly summarize the background and rationale of the study, and clearly summarize the results and conclusions of the work
  • Abstracts for original articles should be no more than 150 words.  (See Word Limits section for other manuscript types and corresponding abstract word limits.)
  • References are not permitted in the abstract
  • Do not use proprietary or trade names in the abstract

Main Text File

After the title page, abstract, and Authorship Confirmation, prepare the remainder of the text following this sequence of sections:

  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Appendices (if applicable)

FIGURES

  • Prepare each figure as individual .TIFF or .EPS file
  • Do NOT submit figures in Word, PowerPoint, PDF, Bitmap, .JPEG, or Excel.
  • Line illustrations must be submitted at 900 DPI.
  • Halftones and color should be submitted at a minimum of 300 dpi.
  • Color art must be saved as CMYK - not RGB. (N.B., If RGB files are submitted, the files will be converted to CYMK and some color variation will occur.)
  • Black and white art must be submitted as grayscale – not RGB.
  • Name all figure files in English and use only alphanumeric characters.  Do not use symbols, dots, lines, or dashes.
  • Figure file names should be formatted with first author’s last name and the figure number. (Ex:  SmithFigure1)
  • Upload individual figure files under the “Figure” file designation.

Additional Information on Converting Figure Files

Converting Word or Excel files: The best and easiest way to convert Word or Excel files into a format which is suitable for print is to scan them using the below guidelines:
 

  • All files should be scanned at 100% size
  • At least 300 dpi
  • Final color mode: CMYK
  • Save file as: .tif, .tiff, or .eps

For more direction on how to convert a Power Point slide to acceptable format go to: www.liebertpub.com/MEDIA/pdf/ppconvert.pdf


COLOR PUBLICATION COSTS

See Journal Fees section below.

TABLES:

  • All tables should be uploaded in a single Word (.doc or .docx) file.
  • Each table within the file should start on its own page.
  • Include a table number and a title for each supplied table.
  • The Table file should be separate from the main manuscript text file.
  • Do not embed tables within the text.
  • Use Arabic numerals to number tables.
  • Do not repeat information that is given in the text, and do not make a table for data that can be given in the text in one or two sentences.
  • Define all acronyms used within the body of the table in table footnotes.
  • All other types of table footnotes should be designated using superscript letters, not symbols.
  • Name all table files in English and use only alphanumeric characters.  Do not use symbols, dots, lines, or dashes.
  • Table file name should be formatted with first author’s last name and the word, “Table.” (Ex:  SmithTables)
  • Upload all tables in one continuous file under the “Table” file designation. 

Supplementary Information

When appropriate, we encourage the judicious use of online-only supplementary information (SI). All information/data in the SI should be referred to in the article text, including reference to specific tables and figures in the SI. Upload supplementary tables, figures, and legends as separate files, either as “supplementary file” or “supplementary file for review only.” The manuscript should be written so that the paper which appears in the printed journal contains all data which are key to the conclusions and important for the reader to have direct access to when reading the paper. Other supporting data and text are appropriate for the supplementary section.

 

ORDER OF FILES DURING SUBMISSION

Upload manuscript files to our system in the foll\0owing order:

  • Cover Letter
  • Manuscript/Main text file (including the Abstract, Authorship Confirmation Statement, Author Disclosure Statements, and References, as well as any Appendices, if applicable)
  • Tables
  • Figure Legends
  • Figures
  • Supplementary files (if applicable)

Note:  There is a total limit of 200 MB per submission.

 

REFERENCES

 

For Users of EndNote:  At this time, Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research does not yet have a template in EndNote, but you may use the journal Human Gene Therapy as a substitute as it follows the same reference style. Go to www.EndNote.com, search for “Human Gene Therapy,” and download the template.

[NOTE:  The publisher of Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research does not provide technical support for EndNote. If you have questions, click on the Support tab on EndNote’s website assistance.]

 

Reference List Preparation

Prepare a numbered (not alphabetical) reference list, in the order of citation within text and double spaced, at the end of the text of the manuscript (do not upload the reference list as a separate file).  See formatting examples below.

If more than three authors are listed on an article, list the first three authors then use et al. (not italic) after the third author’s name. Abbreviations of journal titles in the reference section should follow the style of MEDLINE.  If a work is in press, state the journal title in which it is to be published, and include "in press" in parenthesis in place of a volume and page range. When references to unpublished sources/correspondence are used, supply the researcher’s name and date.

In-Text Citations

Cite all references appearing in the reference list in numerical order, as superscripted numbers (no parentheses) and outside sentence punctuation. 

Reference Formatting Examples:

 

Journal Article:

Temple JL, Ziegler AM, Graczyk AM, et al.   Reinforcing value of caffeinated and noncaffeinated beverages after acute exposure in children and adolescents. J Caffeine Res. 2017;7(4):133–141.

Book:

Burke L, Desprow B, Spriet L. Caffeine for Sports Performance. Champaign, IL:  Human Kinetics; 2013.

Chapter in a Book:

Smith BD, Aldridge K.  Acute cardiovascular effects of caffeine: hemodynamics and heart function.  In: Smith BD, Gupta U, Gupta BS, eds. Caffeine and Activation Theory:  Effects on Health and Behavior. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2006;81-92.

Website: Please follow this structure for website references, including capitalization and punctuation:

List author (if available) and/or page name/title. Website article title. Provide website URL. Include last accessed date.

Conference Proceedings:  Please follow this structure for Conference Proceeding references, including capitalization and punctuation:

List all Authors’ (or) Editors’ names (last name first, followed by first and middle initials). Conference title. Date of conference. Location of conference. City of publisher: Publisher; Year of publication. Complete number of pages in proceedings book.

Preprint:  Preprints may be cited in same manner as a journal article. Discretion is recommended as preprints are by definition not peer-reviewed.

 

MANUSCRIPT REVISIONS 

 

If after peer review, you are invited to submit a revision, do NOT create a new submission. Detailed instructions for submitting revised manuscripts are provided in an email that is sent to the corresponding author containing the reviewers’ comments.  Revised submissions routinely will undergo further review by the same reviewers who assessed the original submission, members of the editorial board, and/or the editor(s).

 

Contact the Editorial Office immediately if the deadline for your revised submission has expired.  Do not create a new submission for a revision of an already-submitted paper.

 

Please note that an invitation to submit a revision does not guarantee acceptance. 

 

COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT

Upon acceptance of any manuscript, all authors will receive an email with detailed instructions and a unique, author-specific link to access and complete our online Copyright Agreement form. It is critical to ensure the accuracy of ALL authors’ email addresses when uploading submissions to Manuscript Central to ensure the proper delivery of all email communications. Failure of any author to submit their individual copyright from will result in a delay in publication. The corresponding author is responsible for communicating with coauthors to ensure they have completed the online copyright form. Authors not permitted to release copyright must still return the form acknowledging the statement of the reason for not releasing the copyright. Copyright forms may also be completed by logging in to the system using an author’s credentials. After logging on, click on Author Center and complete the forms located under “Manuscripts I Have Coauthored.”

Published manuscripts become the sole property of the Journal and will be copyrighted by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., unless alternate arrangements are made prior to publication, including CC-BY licensing (see below). By submitting a manuscript to the Journal, the author(s) agree(s) to each of the above conditions. In addition, the author(s) explicitly assign(s) any copyrighted ownership he/she (they) may have in such manuscript to the Journal.

 

PERMISSIONS

When reusing copyrighted material such as figures, tables, or any excerpted work, the author(s) must obtain permission from the original publisher and submit it concurrently with the manuscript. Written permission must be obtained from the copyright holder/publisher of the material concerned. The publication from which the material is taken must be listed in the reference list. Finally, a footnote to a reprinted table or the legend of a reprinted figure should read, “Reprinted with permission from Jones et al.” and list the corresponding superscripted reference number (i.e.: “Reprinted with permission from Jones et al.27”). All permissions must be supplied at the time of submission.  Authors are responsible for any fees that may be incurred by securing permission to reproduce or adapt material from other published sources.

 

POST-ACCEPTANCE / PRODUCTION

All accepted manuscripts will go through copyediting, typesetting, figure sizing and placement, author proofing, corrections, revisions (from corrected proofs), online-ahead-of-print release, and lastly, issue assignment. Depending on the length and complexity of any accepted submission, these steps typically take 3-6 weeks from acceptance.

 

PAGE PROOFS

Page proofs will be sent to the (one) corresponding author as designated when the manuscript was submitted. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to share the page proofs with co-authors and to coordinate all authors’ corrections into one proof. The Publisher will not accept corrections from multiple authors.

 

AUTHOR RESPONSE TO GALLEY PROOF

The corresponding author is responsible for returning corrections to page proofs, preferably within 72 hours of receipt. If the corresponding author does not respond within that time, the manuscript may be delayed in the publication schedule, or published as is, at the discretion of the Editor and Publisher. If the corresponding author expects to be unavailable during the time the manuscript is in production, the publisher should be provided with an alternate contact.

Only corrections directly related to errors in typesetting will be allowed. Other changes related to scientific content are generally not permitted at this stage and would require the approval of the Editor.

 

REPRINTS

Reprints may be ordered by following the special instructions that will accompany the proofs, and should be ordered at the time the corresponding author returns the corrected page proofs to the Publisher as reprints ordered after the issue is printed will be charged at a substantially higher rate.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

JOURNAL POLICIES

 

JOURNAL STANDARDS AND BEST PRACTICES

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research follows the protocols and best practices for peer review set forth in the guidelines from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and the International Committee of Journal Medical Editors (ICJME). You may also refer to the American Medical Association (AMA) Manual of Style, 10e, for guidance on style requirements and standards.

Peer Review

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is a single-blinded peer-reviewed journal. All submissions are subject to peer review.

 

Confidentiality 

Editors and reviewers must maintain strict confidentiality of manuscripts during the peer-review process. Sharing a manuscript in whole or in part, outside the scope of what is necessary for assessment, is impermissible prior to the manuscript’s official publication date. 

 

Sharing of Materials Policy

Authors must honor any reasonable request for materials, methods, or data necessary to reproduce or validate the research findings during peer review, unless it violates the privacy or confidentiality of human research subjects.

 

Papers Authored by the Editor-in-Chief and/or Associate Editors

The Editor-in-Chief and Associate Editors will recuse themselves from participating in the review process of any manuscript in which there is a potential or actual competing interest.

 

EXPERIMENTATION IN HUMAN SUBJECTS, PATIENT CONSENT, AND INTERNAL REVIEW BOARD APPROVALS/WAIVERS 

 

Papers reporting human experimentation will be reviewed in accordance with the precepts established by the Declaration of Helsinki (2013).


Papers containing studies performed on human subjects must include a statement that the investigations were performed after approval by a local Human Investigations Committee or Institutional Review Board, and after obtaining informed consent from a patient (or other responsible individuals).  Copies of such documentation must be submitted to the journal upon submission in order for the paper to go through proper peer review. It is required that the author(s) retain and archive all relevant forms, releases, statements, and consents.

Patient anonymity is paramount and must be protected as required by law. In most cases, a general description of the patient(s) is sufficient insofar as meaning is not lost.  Nonessential data (age, sex, occupation, etc.) should not be included in a manuscript unless it is clinically or epidemiologically relevant or important to the manuscript.

 

When reporting research involving human data, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed have been assessed by the responsible review committee (institutional and national), or if no formal ethics committee is available, were in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki as revised in 2013. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. Approval by a responsible review committee does not preclude editors from forming their own judgment whether the conduct of the research was appropriate.

A sentence declaring adherence to Institutional Review Board protocols should be included in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript.  If the study is judged exempt from approval from an Institutional Review Board, a statement from the committee is required indicating a waiver has been issued. Informed consent by participants should always be secured. If securing consent is not possible, an institutional review board must decide if it is ethically acceptable to submit the work to the journal for peer review and possible publication. This information should be outlined in the cover letter accompanying the submission.

Patient consent includes an opportunity for the patient(s) to read the manuscript prior to submission or waive the right to do so.

The patient confidentiality and consent requirements contained herein are applicable to any text, photograph, image, video, or any other media submitted to Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research. 

 

ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION

Authors must clearly state in the text that the experiments were carried out in compliance with the relevant local institutional reviewed animal use regulations and/or national laws relating to the conduct of animal experimentation, or, where such laws do not exist, that the studies were performed in accordance with an internationally recognized code of practice.  Authors should clearly state source(s) and numbers of animals being used in all experiments in their manuscript.

DETAILED INFORMATION ABOUT AUTHORSHIP
 

ORCID IDs

All authors are encouraged to complete their submissions using an ORCID identifier. Please visit the ORCID website for more information, or to register.

Authorship Limit

There is a limit of 35 authors permitted on a single submission, but in cases where there are 20 or more co-authors, Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research recommends that a collective group or consortium name is provided and the individual authors and their affiliations listed in the Acknowledgements.

Authorship should be determined at the time of submission. Ensure the author listing is complete and all names are spelled correctly.  As determined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME), authorship is defined*** using the following criteria:

 

  1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  3. Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

 

***Consult the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors for differing qualifications for authors vs. contributors.

Corresponding Author

Note:  The submission system only permits one author to be classified as the corresponding author. This designation should be determined at the time of submission. The named individual will be responsible for receiving all communications regarding the submission and will be directed only to the corresponding author.  The corresponding author designated in Manuscript Central will be responsible for communicating to all other coauthors.  The journal editorial office or the publisher will only provide information to the designated corresponding author.  (The only exception is with regard to copyright forms. If a submission is accepted, each author will receive a unique link to their individualized copyright form sent to them via email).

If a submission requires two corresponding authors to be listed, it should be noted on the title page of the manuscript.  It is preferred to list no more than two corresponding authors.

Acknowledgment of Non-Qualifying Contributors

Contributors who do not meet all for of the criteria for authorship as defined by the ICMJE www.icmje.org should not be listed as authors, but they should be recognized in the Acknowledgments section.  Some (not all) examples of activities that alone (without other contributions) do not qualify a contributor for authorship are:

  • acquisition of funding or provision materials;
  • general supervision of a research group or general administrative support
  • writing assistance, technical editing, language editing, and proofreading

 Those whose contributions do not justify authorship may be acknowledged individually or together as a group under the single heading, Acknowledgments.

Submitting Author/Agent:

It is incumbent upon the submitting author/agent to ensure the inclusion and accuracy of all contributing authors’ names and affiliations upon original submission of the paper. Once a paper is accepted for publication, changes in authorship – including the page proof stage – are generally not permitted.  (See the Changes in Authorship section below.) 

Variations of Authorship

It is permissible to list two authors as co-first authors or as equal contributors.  Include an asterisk (*) next to the authors’ names who are considered as first authors.  Include a corresponding footnote, using the asterisk, on the title page that reads, “These authors contributed equally to this work and are considered to be co-first authors.” 

Working Groups or Teams

May be listed in the manuscript byline, but the entire listing of names and their affiliations should be included in the acknowledgment section of the manuscript.  Do not list the names in a footnote on the title page.  Following this method ensures that all participants of Working Groups or Teams will appear correctly in Medline and other indexing databases.

Changes in Authorship 

Changes in authorship after acceptance are generally discouraged, but the editorial leadership recognizes that in certain circumstances, it is required. The journal’s policy is as follows:

  1. A request to alter authorship must be made in writing from the corresponding author to the Editor-in-Chief, with a detailed explanation for the request, and the names and affiliations of the authors requiring addition and/or deletion.
  2. Authorship may be altered after acceptance of a paper with the written approval of all authors named on the manuscript, as well as the individual(s) being added and/or deleted. The Publisher can provide a form for this, if needed.
  3. Upon receipt of the request and all written approvals of all involved parties, the Editor-in-Chief will consider the request, render a decision, and notify the corresponding author.
  4. There is a one-year post-publication statute of limitation on requests for alterations in authorship.

 

***Important Note about Author Listing***

 

It is incumbent upon the submitting author to ensure the accuracy and inclusion of all contributing authors’ names and affiliations upon original submission of the paper. All authors’ names must be entered into the Journal’s submission site.
 

AUTHOR DISCLOSURE STATEMENTS

  1. Competing Interests. A competing interest exists when an individual (or the individual’s institution) has financial or personal relationships that may inappropriately influence his actions. These competing interests may be potential or actual, financial or other.
     
  2. Personal Financial Interests. Stocks or shares in a company that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article; consulting fees or other remuneration from an organization that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article; patents or patent applications that are owned by or licensed to companies/institutions that may gain or lose value from publication of the article.
     
  3. Funding. Research support by organizations that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article. This support includes salary, equipment, supplies, honoraria, reimbursement or prepayment for attending symposia, and other expenses.
     
  4. Employment. Recent (within the past 5 years), current, or anticipated employment by an organization that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article
    .
  5. Other Competing Interests. Any personal relationship which may inappropriately affect the integrity of the research reported (by an author) or the objectivity of the review of the manuscript (by a reviewer or Editor), for example, competition between investigators, previous disagreements between investigators, or bias in professional judgment.
     

JOURNAL FEES

  • There are no submission fees to the Journal.
  • There no page charges for the Journal.
  • The Journal will publish color photographs, with a subsidy from the author. Costs are dependent upon the number of figures within a paper.  For details, contact our Author Benefits Coordinator.
  • Open Access and Creative Commons licensing options are available. Contact our Open Access Manager for more information.
  • For pricing and purchasing reprints, contact our Reprints Manager.

 

RESEARCH FUNDER COMPLIANCE (FundRef)

Upon submission of a manuscript, you will have an opportunity to enter funding/grant information. If funding information is entered correctly, the publisher will deposit the funding acknowledgements from the article as part of the standard metadata. The entered information should include funder names, funder IDs (if available), and associated grant numbers. See the CrossRef Funder Registry https://www.crossref.org/services/funder-registry/ for a listing of more than 13,000 international funding agencies.

 

GOVERNMENT FUNDED RESEARCH

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is fully NIH-, HHMI-, RUCK, and Wellcome Trust-compliant. 

 

OPEN ACCESS / CC-BY LICENSING OPTIONS

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is a subscription-based peer-reviewed journal with Open Access options. Creative Commons CC-BY and CC-BY-NC licensing is available for all articles published open access for an Article Processing Charge (APC). Please contact our Open Access Manager to order open access for your article. For more information about open access publishing, please visit our Liebert Open Access website.

Our open access publishing solutions allow you to comply with the open access policies of your institution, government, and funding body. If you are employed or funded by the National Institute of Health (NIH), the Wellcome Trust, Research Councils UK (RCUK) or Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), you can find more information below:

HHMI and NIH Public Access Policy – In order to assist our authors who have NIH funding to comply with this policy, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers will deposit the final paginated version of the published article to PubMed Central (PMC) on behalf of the authors after a 12-month embargo period. Authors need not take any action. This service is provided free of charge. Authors who wish to remove the 12-month embargo period are encouraged to consider publishing with Open Option

Wellcome Trust Policy – To easily comply, you can choose to have your article published Open Access under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license. The publication charge will be covered by the Wellcome Trust.

Research Councils UK (RUCK) – To easily comply, you can choose to have your article published Open Access under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license. The publication charge will be covered by the RUCK.

 

POST-PUBLICATION CORRECTIONS

In the event an error is discovered after publication of an article, the corresponding author should submit the correction in writing to the editorial office for consideration. Changes in author affiliations or contact details due to relocation are not permitted after publication.

Corrections to meeting abstracts will be made only to the online version.  The Journal does not issue formal correction statements for corrections to meeting abstracts, regardless of the nature of the correction.

PLAGIARISM (AND SELF-PLAGIARISM)

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is fully committed to deterring plagiarism, including self-plagiarism. All manuscripts will be processed through plagiarism detection software prior to acceptance for similarity to previously published material.  Plagiarized manuscripts will be rejected immediately. While a manuscript submission may contain some redundancy in language and content compared to work previously published by authors, self-plagiarism can infringe upon a publisher’s copyright. To avoid plagiarism, be sure to cite all published works.

 

DEFINITIONS OF SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers follows the guidelines and rules regarding scientific misconduct put forth by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and the Office of Research Integrity (ORI).

Scientific misconduct and violation of publishing ethics vary and can be intentionally or unintentionally perpetrated. Some examples of misconduct and violations include, but are not limited to, the following:

  1. Scientific Misconduct: Fabrication, falsification, concealment, deceptive reporting, or misrepresentation of any data constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
  2. Authorship Disputes: Deliberate misrepresentation of a scientist’s contribution to the published work, or purposefully omitting the contributions of a scientist.
  3. Misappropriation of the ideas of others: Improper use of scholarly exchange and activity may constitute fraud. Wholesale appropriation of such material constitutes misconduct.
  4. Violation of generally accepted research practices: Serious deviation from accepted practices in proposing or carrying out research, improper manipulation of experiments to obtain biased results, deceptive statistical or analytical manipulations, or improper reporting of results constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
  5. Material failure to comply with legislative and regulatory requirements affecting research:
    Including but not limited to serious or substantial, repeated, willful violations of applicable local regulations and law involving the use of funds, care of animals, human subjects, investigational drugs, recombinant products, new devices, or radioactive, biologic, or chemical materials constitutes misconduct.
  6. Conflict of Interest:  Nondisclosure of any conflicts, direct or indirect, to the Journal which prevents you from being unbiased constitutes misconduct.
  7. Deliberate misrepresentation: of qualifications, experience, or research accomplishments to advance the research program, to obtain external funding, or for other professional advancement constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
  8. Plagiarism: Purposely claiming another’s work or idea as your own constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
  9. Simultaneous Submission:  Submitting a paper to more than one publication at the same time constitutes misconduct.

 

ALLEGATIONS OF SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT

Scientific misconduct includes but is not limited to data fabrication; data falsification including deceptive manipulation of data and images; and plagiarism.  While each of these practices is problematic, they are not equivalent. If an instance of suspected misconduct in submitted or published work is presented to the editorial leadership and/or publisher of Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research, the journal will follow the protocols set forth by the Committee of Publication Ethics.   Pending the results of this procedure, the editor(s) may choose to publish an Expression of Concern.  If such procedures involve an investigation with/by the authors’ institution(s), the editors will seek to discover the results of that investigation and notify the readership of the journal of said findings.  If the investigation(s) prove(s) scientific misconduct, the journal will publish an official retraction of the article(s).   There may be circumstances in which no misconduct is proven, but an exchange of letters to the editor may be published to highlight matters of debate to the journal’s readership.

 

RESPONDING TO ALLEGATIONS OF POSSIBLE MISCONDUCT

 

The Publisher is committed to helping protect the integrity of the public scientific record by sharing reasonable concerns with authorities who are in the position to conduct an appropriate investigation into an allegation.  As such, all allegations of misconduct will be referred to the Editor-In-Chief of the Journal who in turn will review the circumstances, possibly in consultation with associate editors and/or members of the editorial board. Initial fact-finding will usually include a request to all the involved parties to state their case and explain the circumstances in writing. In questions of research misconduct centering on methods or technical issues, the Editor-In-Chief may confidentially consult experts who are blinded to the identity of the individuals, or if the allegation is against an editor, an outside expert. The Editor-In-Chief will arrive at a conclusion as to whether there is enough reasonable evidence that the possibility of misconduct occurred.

When allegations concern authors, the peer review and publication process for the manuscript in question will cease while the process described herein is researched. The investigation will be taken to completion even if the authors withdraw their paper.  In the case of allegations against reviewers or editors, they will be replaced in the review process while the matter is investigated.

Editors or reviewers who are found to have engaged in scientific misconduct will be removed from further association with the Journal, and reported to their institution.

If an inquiry concludes there is a reasonable possibility of misconduct, the Editor-in-Chief will retract the paper from the Journal and the scientific record.  If the paper is still under peer review, the Editor-in-Chief will withdraw the paper from consideration to the Journal.

All allegations will be kept confidential.
 

ARCHIVING AND PRESERVATION

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., deposits and archives all publications in Portico  for long-term digital preservation. Your article will be easily searchable on Google, Google Scholar, and other search engines.
 

PUBLISHER

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is owned and published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers, 140 Huguenot Street, 3rd Floor, New Rochelle, NY 10801;  Tel:  914-740-2100; Email:  Info@liebertpub.com;  Website:  www.liebertpub.com/caff

Our dynamic Author Benefits Program provides you with end-to-end benefits that ensure your hard work pays off and your published manuscript gets the attention it deserves not just upon publication, but permanently.

Liebert Open Access

Ensure maximum visibility, discoverability, and impact for your article with our Liebert Open Access (OA) option

Explore Liebert Open Access

Does your research funder have an open access mandate or would you like to expand the dissemination of your research?

The Liebert Open Access option enables authors to publish open access in our esteemed subscription-based journals.

The benefits of Liebert Open Access include:

  • High visibility; open access articles are freely available online upon publication
  • You retain copyright with the open access license allowing broad dissemination of your research
  • You can freely share your article in repositories and research networks without restrictions
  • Easy compliance with open access mandates
  • Rigorous editorial and peer-review
  • Targeted email announcement featuring a direct link to article

Identification and Marketing

Open access articles are listed with an OA icon in journal tables of content (TOC), TOC alerts, and in marketing announcements. Open access articles are highlighted and promoted in targeted email announcements to thousands of research leaders in your field.

Copyright and Licensing

If you choose to publish with open access, you will retain copyright of your article and a Creative Commons license will be applied. The liberal Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY) license is the default open access license used at Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The CC-BY license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.

At this time we allow authors to choose between the CC-BY or CC-BY-NonCommercial license. A limited number of journals offer NonCommercial licenses exclusively.

Ordering Open Access

Once your article has been accepted for publication in a journal, you will receive an email with information on ordering Liebert Open Access. If you would like more information about Liebert Open Access or would like to order open access, please email openaccess@liebertpub.com.

Publishing open access includes an article publication charge (APC) and authors are asked to fill out a short open access order form.  You can pay by credit card or receive an invoice to be returned with payment or via bank transfer. Please remember that traditional subscription journals can carry mandatory or optional author fees. The Liebert Open Access APC does not cover or replace existing publication or author fees.

Publishing biomedical or biotechnology research?

Biomedical researchers should consider publishing in BioResearch Open Access, a fully open access peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing top research in the biomedical and biotechnology fields. For details, please visit the information for authors on the journal website.

 *Please note that PubMedCentral, not the Publisher, has sole control over when the paper is made live on PMC.

 

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JOURNAL FEES

  • There are no submission fees to Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research.
  • There no page charges for Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research.
  • Please contact AuthorBenefits@liebertpub.com for costs for publishing images in color.
  • Open Access and Creative Commons licensing options are available. Contact our Open Access Manager for more information.
  • For pricing and purchasing reprints, contact our Reprints Manager.
  • Any fees collected or payments associated with a submitted and/or published paper that is subsequently withdrawn and/or retracted for any reason are non-refundable.

All Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. journals follow the standards, guidelines, and best practices set forth by the -Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE; publicationethics.org), the International Committee of Journal Medical Editors (ICJME; www.icmje.org), the World Medical Association (WMA); www.wma.net) and the American Medical Association (www.ama-assn.org).

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is a single-blinded peer-reviewed journal. All submissions are subject to peer review. Upon submission, all contributions will be initially evaluated by the Editor for suitability for the journal. During this preliminary assessment, the Editor may determine that the submission does not fall within the purview, aims, or scopes of the journal and may deny admittance to peer review.  For those that are deemed suitable, a minimum of two expert reviewers in the area of study will be selected to assess the scientific basis and significance of the manuscript. Following peer review, the Editor and/or Associate Editors will determine if the paper should be accepted, require revision, or is unacceptable for publication.

The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles.  The Editor's decision is final and are not open to appeal, except in the case of the most extraordinary of circumstances.   

Confidentiality in Peer Review

Editors and reviewers must maintain strict confidentiality of manuscripts during the peer-review process. Sharing a manuscript in whole or in part, outside the scope of what is necessary for assessment, is impermissible prior to an accepted manuscript's official publication date.

Sharing of Materials during Peer Review

Authors must honor any reasonable request for materials, methods, or data necessary to reproduce or validate the research findings during peer review unless it violates the privacy or confidentiality of human research subjects.

Papers Authored by the Editor-in-Chief and/or Associate Editors

The Editor-in-Chief and Associate Editors will recuse themselves from participating in the review process of any manuscript in which there is a potential or actual competing interest.

Self-Citation and Self-Plagiarism

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is committed to maintaining the integrity of the peer review process by upholding the highest standards for all published articles. All manuscripts will be processed through plagiarism detection software prior to peer review. Plagiarized manuscripts will be rejected immediately. While a manuscript submission may contain some redundancy in language and content (i.e., Materials and Methods) compared to work previously published by authors, self-plagiarism can infringe upon copyright. To avoid plagiarism, be sure to properly cite and reference all published works. (Deposition of a preprint on a preprint server is not considered as prior publication and will not impact consideration of any submitted manuscript.)

Time in Review

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research aims to maintain a short, but thorough peer-review process. The average time in review is 32 days.  However, the Editor(s) will strive to expedite manuscript handling if/when special circumstances dictate.

ATTENTION:  To ensure the receipt of all communications from the journal editorial office and publisher, please whitelist the following domains to prevent spam filter detection or non-deliverables:

  • manuscriptcentral.com
  • amazonses.com
  • liebertpub.com

Failure to whitelist these domains may significantly hinder the progress of peer review on submitted manuscripts, and the production process of accepted papers.
 

AUTHORSHIP

Definition of Authorship

Authorship, as defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, is based on the following criteria:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Non-Author Contributors

Contributors who meet fewer than all four of the above criteria for authorship should not be listed as authors, but they should be acknowledged in the Acknowledgments section with a description of their contribution to the work.

For further information, visit the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ website at: http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/defining-the-role-of-authors-and-contributors.html

ORCID IDs

All submitting authors are required to complete their submissions using an ORCID identifier. Please visit the ORCID website for more information, or to register.

AUTHORSHIP LIMIT

There is a limit of 35 of authors permitted on a single submission, but in cases where there are 20 or more co-authors, Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research recommends that a collective group or consortium name be provided and the individual authors listed in the Acknowledgements.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR**

One author should be designated as the corresponding author who will be responsible for communication between the authors and the journal editorial office(s) and publisher. This individual will be responsible for ensuring all authors submit copyright forms and coordinating and responding to page proofs, as well as any managing any other necessary contact during the peer review and/or production processes.

**NOTE: Due to configuration restraints, the submission system permits only one author to be identified as the corresponding author of record. However, we recognize that some submissions call for more than one corresponding author to be noted. In such cases, select one author to be the main point of contact and/or corresponding author for all communications regarding the peer review process of the paper, but on the title page of the manuscript, designate additional co-corresponding authors by including an asterisk after the authors' names in the byline, and include an accompanying footnote on the title page that reads, "*Co-corresponding authors."  Please ensure that the title page of the submission page carries the full affiliation details and email addresses of all authors who should be noted as a corresponding author. If the paper is accepted for publication, the full contact information for all desginated co-authors will be listed at the end of the article as per usual journal style.

WORKING GROUPS / TEAM AUTHORSHIP

Working Groups or Teams may be listed in the manuscript byline, but the entire listing of names and affiliations should be included in the acknowledgment section of the manuscript. Do not list the names in a footnote on the title page.

VARIATIONS OF AUTHORSHIP

It is permissible to list up to three authors as co-first authors, or as contributing equally to the work. Include an asterisk (*) next to the authors' names who are considered as first authors. Include a corresponding footnote, using the asterisk, on the title page that reads, "These authors contributed equally to this work and are considered to be co-first authors."

CHANGES IN AUTHORSHIP

Changes in authorship after submission or acceptance of a paper are strongly discouraged, but the editorial leadership recognizes that in certain circumstances, it may be required. The journal's policy for such cases is as follows:

  • A request to alter authorship must be made in writing from the corresponding author to the Editor-in-Chief, with a detailed explanation for the request, and the names and affiliations of the authors requiring addition and/or deletion.
  • Authorship may be altered after submission or acceptance of a paper ONLY with the expressed written approval of all authors named on the manuscript, as well as the individual(s) being added and/or deleted. The Publisher can provide a form for this, if needed.
  • Upon receipt of the request and all written approvals of all involved parties, the Editor-in-Chief will consider the request, render a decision, and notify the corresponding author.
  • There is a one-year post-publication statute of limitation on requests for alterations in authorship.
  • Post-publication changes or alterations to conference abstracts are prohibited.

ATTENTION: To ensure the receipt of all communications from the journal editorial office and publisher, please whitelist the following domains to prevent spam filter detection or non-deliverables:

  • manuscriptcentral.com
  • amazonses.com
  • liebertpub.com

Failure to whitelist these domains may significantly hinder the progress of peer review on submitted manuscripts, and the production process of accepted papers.

EXCLUSIVITY

Manuscripts should be submitted with the understanding that they have neither been published, nor are under consideration for publication elsewhere, in the same form or substantially similar form, except in the form of a conference abstract.  If work was presented at a conference, supply the name, date, and location of the meeting as a footnote on the title page of the submission.

USE OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE

All submissions must be in English. Appropriate use of the English language is a requirement for review and publication in Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research. For authors whose native language is not English, we recommend using a service that will aid in the translation and rewriting of material into correct and proper English usage. The Publisher offers this service for a fee prior to official submission. For more information, please contact: Editing@liebertpub.com Please note that employing the use of the Publisher's service is not required and using it, or any other language editing service, does not guarantee acceptance of any paper. All submissions are subject to peer review.

AUTHOR DISCLOSURE STATEMENTS

  • Competing Interests. A competing interest exists when an individual (or the individual's institution) has financial or personal relationships that may inappropriately influence his actions. These competing interests may be potential or actual, financial or other.
  • Personal Financial Interests. Stocks or shares in a company that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article; consulting fees or other remuneration from an organization that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article; patents or patent applications that are owned by or licensed to companies/institutions that may gain or lose value from publication of the article.
  • Funding. Research support by organizations that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article. This support includes salary, equipment, supplies, honoraria, reimbursement or prepayment for attending symposia, and other expenses.
  • Employment. Recent (within the past 5 years), current, or anticipated employment by an organization that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article.
  • Other Competing Interests. Any personal relationship which may inappropriately affect the integrity of the research reported (by an author) or the objectivity of the review of the manuscript (by a reviewer or Editor), for example, competition between investigators, previous disagreements between investigators, or bias in professional judgment.

SELF-CITATION AND SELF-PLAGIARISM

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is committed to maintaining the integrity of the peer review process by upholding the highest standards for all published articles. All manuscripts will be processed through plagiarism detection software prior to peer review. Plagiarized manuscripts will be rejected immediately. While a manuscript submission may contain some redundancy in language and content (i.e., Materials and Methods) compared to work previously published by authors, self-plagiarism can infringe upon copyright. To avoid plagiarism, be sure to properly cite and reference all published works.

AFFILIATIONS

Authors should identify as their institution(s) the facility where the work was performed and executed.  Changes in an author’s affiliation after the work was completed but prior to the submission or publication of the manuscript should be noted by including an asterisk as a superscript to the name in the author listing, as well as a corresponding footnote on the title page indicating “Current Address” listing the new affiliation.   Corrections to affiliations or contact information due to relocation after publication is not permitted.

REPRINTS

Reprints may be ordered by following the special instructions that will accompany the proofs and should be ordered at the time the corresponding author returns the corrected page proofs to the Publisher as reprints ordered after the issue is printed will be charged at a substantially higher rate.

Word limits do NOT pertain to the abstract, disclosure statements, author contribution statements, funding information, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, or references. Exceptions to the limitations set herein are permissible at the discretion of the Editor(s). Contact the Editorial Office prior to submission in such cases.

Original Research Articles
•    3,000-word limit
•    Structured abstract of no more than 150 words
•    Maximum total of ten (10) figures and/or tables
•    Maximum of 100 references

Review Articles
•    5,000-word limit
•    Structured abstract of no more than 250 words
•    Maximum total of ten (10) figures and/or tables
•    Maximum of 200 references

Mini-Review Articles
•    2,500-word limit
•    Structured abstract of no more than 200 words
•    Maximum total of four (4) figures and/or tables
•    Maximum of 20 references

Short Reports    
•    2,000-word limit
•    Structured abstract of no more than 150 words
•    Maximum total of three (3) figures and/or tables
•    Maximum of 25 references

Commentaries    
•    1,500-word limit
•    No abstract
•    Maximum of one (1) figure
•    Maximum of one (1) table
•    Maximum of 5 references

Editorials
•    1,000-word limit
•    No abstract
•    No figures or tables
•    Maximum of 10 references

Letters to the Editor
•    500-word limit
•    No abstract
•    May include one figure OR table
•    Reference citations are identical in style to those of full original articles, but should not exceed five (5).

 

INTERNAL REVIEW BOARD APPROVALS/WAIVERS

(as described and defined on the World Medical Association's website; www.wma.net)

When reporting research involving human data, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed have been assessed by the responsible review committee (institutional and national), or if no formal ethics committee is available, were in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki as revised in 2013. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. Approval by a responsible review committee does not preclude editors from forming their own judgment whether the conduct of the research was appropriate.

If the study is judged exempt from review, a statement from the committee is required. Informed consent by participants should always be secured. If not possible, an institutional review board must decide if this is ethically acceptable. This information should be outlined in the cover letter accompanying the submission, and in a sentence declaring adherence should be included in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript.

ETHICS OF EXPERIMENTATION

All articles involving the use of human fetuses, fetal tissue, embryos, and embryonic cells must adhere to the US Public Law 103–41, effective December 13, 2001. (http://ethics.od.nih.gov/).

ETHICAL TREATMENT OF ANIMALS

All peer-reviewed submissions containing animal experiments must comply with local and national regulatory principles and contain a statement in the Materials and Methods section stating whether their national and institutional guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.

Authors should clearly state source(s) and numbers of animals being used in all experiments in their manuscript.

For further information, consult the World Medical Association’s website: https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/

AUTHOR DISCLOSURE STATEMENTS

  • Competing Interests. A competing interest exists when an individual (or the individual's institution) has financial or personal relationships that may inappropriately influence his actions. These competing interests may be potential or actual, financial or other.
  • Personal Financial Interests. Stocks or shares in a company that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article; consulting fees or other remuneration from an organization that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article; patents or patent applications that are owned by or licensed to companies/institutions that may gain or lose value from publication of the article.
  • Funding. Research support by organizations that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article. This support includes salary, equipment, supplies, honoraria, reimbursement or prepayment for attending symposia, and other expenses.
  • Employment. Recent (within the past 5 years), current, or anticipated employment by an organization that may gain or lose financially from publication of the article.
  • Other Competing Interests. Any personal relationship which may inappropriately affect the integrity of the research reported (by an author) or the objectivity of the review of the manuscript (by a reviewer or Editor), for example, competition between investigators, previous disagreements between investigators, or bias in professional judgment.

INTERNAL REVIEW BOARD APPROVALS/WAIVERS

(as described and defined on the World Medical Association's website; www.wma.net)

When reporting research involving human data, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed have been assessed by the responsible review committee (institutional and national), or if no formal ethics committee is available, were in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki as revised in 2013. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. Approval by a responsible review committee does not preclude editors from forming their own judgment whether the conduct of the research was appropriate.

If the study is judged exempt from review, a statement from the committee is required. Informed consent by participants should always be secured. If not possible, an institutional review board must decide if this is ethically acceptable. This information should be outlined in the cover letter accompanying the submission, and in a sentence declaring adherence should be included in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript.

COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT FORM

Upon acceptance of any manuscript, all authors will receive an email with detailed instructions and a unique, author-specific link to access and complete our online Copyright Agreement form. It is critical to ensure the accuracy of ALL authors' email addresses when uploading submissions to Manuscript Central to ensure the proper delivery of all email communications. FAILURE BY ALL AUTHORS TO SUBMIT THIS FORM WILL RESULT IN A DELAY OF PUBLICATION. The corresponding author is responsible for communicating with coauthors to ensure they have completed the online copyright form. Authors not permitted to release copyright must still return the form acknowledging the statement of the reason for not releasing the copyright. Copyright forms may also be completed by logging in to the system using an author's credentials. After logging on, click on Author Center and complete the forms located under "Manuscripts I Have Coauthored."

Published manuscripts become the sole property of the Journal and will be copyrighted by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., unless alternate arrangements are made prior to publication, including CC-BY licensing (see below). By submitting a manuscript to the Journal, the author(s) agree(s) to each of the above conditions. In addition, the author(s) explicitly assign(s) any copyrighted ownership he/she (they) may have in such manuscript to the Journal.

OPEN ACCESS / CC-BY LICENSING

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is a subscription-based peer-reviewed journal with Open Access options. Creative Commons CC-BY and CC-BY-NC licensing is available for all articles published open access for a standard Article Processing Charge (APC) of $3,200.00 USD. Please contact our Open Access Manager to order open access for your article. Learn more about open access publishing on our website.

PERMISSIONS

When reproducing copyrighted material such as figures, tables, or excerpted text, the author(s) of the submitted paper must obtain permission from the original publisher and submit it concurrently with the manuscript. The publication from which the figure or table is taken must be listed in the reference list. Finally, a footnote to a reprinted table or the legend of a reprinted figure should read, "Reprinted by permission from Jones et al." and list the appropriate reference. All permissions must be supplied at the time of submission.  Authors are responsible for any fees that may be incurred by securing permission to reproduce or adapt material from other published sources.

REUSE OF MATERIAL POSTED ON SOCIAL MEDIA

As material posted on social media platforms is usually not peer-reviewed content, it is not permitted as an official citation and/or reference.

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers permits the use of accepted pre-published manuscripts for the sole purpose of pitching to news organizations under strict embargo, and with the approval of and expressed collaboration with the publisher. A watermarked PDF version of the article (not a Word document or any other editable version) may be shared only with named, personal contacts at trusted news sources upon request. News sources must be informed upon delivery of the PDF that the manuscript is for reference-only purposes and can be used only in preparation of their news coverage of the article. It is strictly prohibited to publicly share, post, or otherwise distribute the PDF in any media format. Upon official publication of the article, news organizations must link directly to the published article on the publisher’s journal website. To coordinate publication timing and press efforts, please contact the Director of Marketing, Kathryn Ryan (kryan@liebertpub.com).

DATA SHARING

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research strongly advocates the sharing and archiving of the data and any other artifacts that define and support the results stated in a manuscript in a suitable public repository (in accordance with valid privacy, legal, and ethical guidelines). A data availability statement should be included in the manuscript (in the Methods section or as a separate section at the end of the manuscript), describing the location of the data, with details on how it can be accessed as well as any licensing information. If the data is not publicly available or accessible, that information should also be provided.

Datasets should be cited in the reference list by Author (Year). Title. Publisher. Identifier/DOI.

Important: Please check with your funding agencies to ensure that are you following their data sharing polices. If your funding agency has additional requirements exceeding our policy, you must follow the requirements of your funder.

PREPRINT SERVERS

A preprint is a complete draft of a research paper that is shared on a public preprint server prior to submission to a journal for peer review.
 
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., allows for papers that were previously deposited on preprint servers to be submitted to our journals, with the proviso that the author updates any preprint versions with a link to the final published article.  All submissions are subject to peer review and allowing the submission of preprint manuscripts does not guarantee publication in any Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., journal.
 
The submitting author of a paper that was previously deposited to a preprint server should include a disclosure on the title page of the manuscript indicating the name and website of the server and include the DOI number of the preprint.
 
Referencing/citing non-peer-reviewed material that is found on any preprint server is generally discouraged by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., journals, but if it is necessary, the citation must make it clear that the content is not officially published in a journal, and can only be found on a preprint server.

 

RESEARCH FUNDER COMPLIANCE (FundRef)

Upon submission of a manuscript, the submitting agent will have an opportunity to enter funding/grant information. If funding information is entered correctly, the publisher will deposit the funding acknowledgements from the article as part of the standard metadata to FundRef. The entered information should include funder names, funder IDs (if available), and associated grant numbers.  Special care should be taken when entering this information to ensure total accuracy. (See https://www.crossref.org/services/funder-registry/ for a listing of more than 13,000 international funding agencies.)

GOVERNMENT FUNDED RESEARCH

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is fully NIH-, HHMI-, RCUK, and Wellcome Trust-compliant.

OPEN ACCESS

Our open access publishing solutions allow you to comply with the open access policies of your institution, government, and funding body. If you are employed or funded by the National Institute of Health (NIH), the Wellcome Trust, Research Councils UK (RCUK), or Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), you can find more information below:

  • NIH and HHMI Public Access Policy–In order to assist our authors who have NIH funding to comply with this policy, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers will deposit the final paginated version of the published article to PubMed Central (PMC) on behalf of the authors after a 12-month embargo period. Authors need not take any action. This service is provided free of charge. Authors who wish to remove the 12-month embargo period are encouraged to consider publishing with Open Option.
  • Wellcome Trust Policy–To easily comply, you can choose to have your article published open access under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license. The publication charge will be covered by the Wellcome Trust.
  • Research Councils UK (RCUK)–To easily comply, you can choose to have your article published Open Access under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license. The publication charge will be covered by the RCUK.

ATTENTION: To ensure the receipt of all communications from the journal editorial office and publisher, please whitelist the following domains to prevent spam filter detection or non-deliverables:

  • manuscriptcentral.com
  • amazonses.com
  • liebertpub.com

Failure to whitelist these domains may significantly hinder the progress of peer review on submitted manuscripts, and the production process of accepted papers.

POST-ACCEPTANCE / PRODUCTION

All accepted manuscripts will go through copyediting, typesetting, figure sizing and placement, author proofing, corrections, revisions (from corrected proofs), online-ahead-of-print release, and lastly, issue assignment. Depending on the length and complexity of any accepted submission, these steps typically take 3-6 weeks from acceptance.  Changes or alterations to a submission are not permitted after acceptance, but should be addressed in page proofs.

PAGE PROOFS

Page proofs will be sent to the corresponding author as designated in Manuscript Central when the manuscript was submitted. It is the corresponding author's responsibility to share the page proofs with co-authors, if desired, and to coordinate all authors' corrections into one proof. The Publisher will not accept corrections from multiple authors/sources.

AUTHOR RESPONSE TO GALLEY PROOF

  • The corresponding author is responsible for returning corrected galley proofs generally within 72 hours of receipt.
  • If the corresponding author does not respond within that timeframe, the manuscript may be delayed in the publication schedule, or published as is, at the discretion of the Editor and Publisher.
  • If the corresponding author expects to be unavailable during the time the manuscript is in production, the publisher should be provided with an alternate contact. 
  • Only corrections directly related to errors in typesetting and/or layout will be allowed.
  • Any requested changes related to content, or that alter the outcome of a study, will require the approval of the Editor, and may require further peer review.

REPRINTS

Reprints may be ordered by following the special instructions that will accompany the proofs and should be ordered at the time the corresponding author returns the corrected page proofs to the Publisher as reprints ordered after the issue is printed will be charged at a substantially higher rate.

POST-PUBLICATION CORRECTIONS

In the event an error is discovered after publication of an article, the corresponding author should submit the correction in writing to the editorial office for consideration.  After editor approval, alterations will be made to the online version of the article, and if the errors are significant, an official correction statement will be issued.

  • Changes to author affiliations or contact details due to relocation after publication are not permitted.
  • Corrections to meeting abstracts will be made only to the online version.  The Journal does not issue formal correction statements for corrections to meeting abstracts, regardless of the nature of the correction.
  • Correction Statements/Errata to published articles that require the reproduction of color figure(s) and/or table(s) may incur additional costs to the author(s).

RETRACTIONS**

The journal and its publisher are committed to upholding the proper protocols and established standards of peer review.  Published papers found to be in violation of any of the misconduct noted above, or in the accepted principles of peer review and scientific publishing, will be officially retracted from the literature.  An official retraction notice explaining in full detail the circumstances surrounding the need for a retraction.

**Any publication fees for retracted and/or withdrawn articles are nonrefundable in any circumstance.

STUDY DESIGN AND ETHICS

RESPONDING TO ALLEGATIONS OF POSSIBLE MISCONDUCT

The Publisher is committed to helping protect the integrity of the public scientific record by sharing reasonable concerns with authorities who are in the position to conduct an appropriate investigation into an allegation. As such, all allegations of misconduct will be referred to the Editor-In-Chief of the Journal who in turn will review the circumstances, possibly in consultation with associate editors and/or members of the editorial board. Initial fact-finding will usually include a request to all the involved parties to state their case and explain the circumstances in writing. In questions of research misconduct centering on methods or technical issues, the Editor-In-Chief may confidentially consult experts who are blinded to the identity of the individuals, or if the allegation is against an editor, an outside expert. The Editor-In-Chief will arrive at a conclusion as to whether there is enough reasonable evidence that the possibility of misconduct occurred.

When allegations concern authors, the peer review and publication process for the manuscript in question will cease while the process described herein is researched. The investigation will be taken to completion even if the authors withdraw their paper. In the case of allegations against reviewers or editors, they will be replaced in the review process while the matter is investigated.

Editors or reviewers who are found to have engaged in scientific misconduct will be removed from further association with the Journal, and reported to their institution.

If an inquiry concludes there is a reasonable possibility of misconduct, the Editor-in-Chief will retract the paper from the Journal and the scientific record. If the paper is still under peer review, the Editor-in-Chief will withdraw the paper from consideration to the Journal.

All allegations will be kept confidential.

DEFINITIONS OF SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers follows the guidelines and rules regarding scientific misconduct put forth by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and the Office of Research Integrity (ORI).

Scientific misconduct and violation of publishing ethics vary and can be intentionally or unintentionally perpetrated. Some examples of misconduct and violations include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Scientific Misconduct: Fabrication, falsification, concealment, deceptive reporting, or misrepresentation of any data constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
  • Authorship Disputes: Deliberate misrepresentation of a scientist's contribution to the published work, or purposefully omitting the contributions of a scientist.
  • Misappropriation of the ideas of others: Improper use of scholarly exchange and activity may constitute fraud. Wholesale appropriation of such material constitutes misconduct.
  • Violation of generally accepted research practices: Serious deviation from accepted practices in proposing or carrying out research, improper manipulation of experiments to obtain biased results, deceptive statistical or analytical manipulations, or improper reporting of results constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
  • Material failure to comply with legislative and regulatory requirements affecting research: Including but not limited to serious or substantial, repeated, willful violations of applicable local regulations and law involving the use of funds, care of animals, human subjects, investigational drugs, recombinant products, new devices, or radioactive, biologic, or chemical materials constitutes misconduct.
  • Conflict of Interest: Nondisclosure of any conflicts, direct or indirect, to the Journal which prevents you from being unbiased constitutes misconduct.
  • Deliberate misrepresentation: of qualifications, experience, or research accomplishments to advance the research program, to obtain external funding, or for other professional advancement constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
  • Plagiarism: Purposely claiming another's work or idea as your own constitutes misconduct and/or fraud.
  • Simultaneous Submission: Submitting a paper to more than one publication at the same time constitutes misconduct.

RETRACTIONS

The journal and its publisher are committed to upholding the proper protocols and established standards of peer review.  Published papers found to be in violation of any of the misconduct noted above, or in the accepted principles of peer review and scientific publishing, will be officially retracted from the literature.  An official retraction notice explaining in full detail the circumstances surrounding the need for a retraction.

Three versions of the article format versions are referenced in the below policy guidelines:

•    Original Submission: The article version that is submitted by the author for consideration, before peer review.
•    Accepted Version: The article version that has been formally accepted after peer review, prior to any typesetting for the journal. This is the version accepted by the editor, before proofs, corrections, and typesetting. Also known as the “raw” accepted version of a manuscript.
•    Article of Record: This article version is the “version of record” that has been formally copyedited, typeset, and published online epub ahead of print and/or in a journal issue. It is the same version published in the “Online Now” section of the journal website.

Self-Archiving Policy

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers offers authors many options and opportunities to self-archive their work. Self-archiving of work is also referred to, or known as, publishing “Green Open Access”.

Authors can self-archive the original submission version of their article on any website or repository without embargo.

Additionally, authors can self-archive the accepted version of their article on their personal websites or institutional repositories only, without embargo. Any archiving of the accepted version for inclusion in subject-based repositories, such as PubMed Central (PMC), should follow the requirements of the funder of the work.  

Authors are not allowed to publish or self-archive the article of record on any website, social media platform, or repository without permission from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers, unless they publish their paper Gold Open Access (OA). Learn more about publishing your work Open Access here.

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers’ society partners or associated affiliates may set self-archiving policies independently, outside of the below -mentioned general policies. Authors should refer to the copyright policy of their chosen journal, which can be found on the Journal Collection Page or by contacting the specific journal editorial office directly. In addition, specific funding organizations have separate agreements and authors should refer to the policies of those specific funding agencies prior to the submission of their manuscript.

Original Submission Version

The original submission version of an article is the author's version that has not been peer reviewed.

This version may be placed on:

•    The author's personal website
•    The author's company or institutional repository or archive
•    Any not-for-profit subject-based preprint servers or repositories

Self-archiving of the original submission version is not subject to an embargo period.

If your submission is formally accepted after peer review in one of our journals, authors must include an acknowledgement of acceptance for publication on all archive sites and, following online publication, authors must include the following notice on the first page:

This is the original submission version (pre-peer review) of the following article: [full citation], which has now been formally published in final form at Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research at [link to final article using the DOI]. This original submission version of the article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with the Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers’ self-archiving terms and conditions.

The original submission version posted may never be updated or replaced with the article of record version unless the author chooses to publish their paper OA under any of the Creative Commons Licenses available through the publisher. If you are interested in publishing your work OA, please feel free to review our Open Access policies and Licenses or contact us.

Accepted Version

Authors may only archive the accepted version of their manuscript on their personal and professional websites, and/or the author’s institutional repository or archive. Any archiving of the accepted version for inclusion in subject-based repositories, such as PubMed Central (PMC), should follow the requirements of the funder of the work. This process may impose additional embargo periods.  

The accepted version may be placed on:
•    The author's personal website
•    The author's company/institutional repository or archive

The accepted version posted must include the following notice on the first page:

This is the accepted version of the following article: [full citation], which has now been formally published in final form at Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research at [link to final article using the DOI]. This original submission version of the article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with the Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers’ self-archiving terms and conditions.

The posted accepted version may never be updated or replaced with the article of record version unless the author chooses to publish their paper Open Access under any of the Creative Commons Licenses available through the publisher. If you are interested in publishing your work OA, please feel free to review our Open Access policies and Licenses or contact us.

Article of Record

The article of record version may never be archived on a website, or in a repository or research network, unless published Gold Open Access under any of the Creative Commons Licenses available through the publisher. If you have questions, please contact us for more information. You can also review our Open Access policies and Licenses.

Funder Requirements

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers adheres to national and international funder requirements. Various funders, such as the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Wellcome Trust, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), for example, have specific requirements for depositing the accepted version and/or the article of record version of the author manuscript in a repository after an embargo period. Authors funded by these organizations should follow the self-archiving terms and conditions of these separate agreements based on the policies of the specific funding institutions. If you have questions, please contact us for more information.

Terms and Conditions for Use of All Self-Archived Article Versions

Authors may use either the original submission version or accepted version in the following ways:

•    For purposes of your own curriculum or teaching, dissertation, thesis, or book provided that all posted versions include the aforementioned notices, and follow all guidelines and requirements specified.
•    To share with researchers and research colleagues provided that such sharing is not for commercial purposes.

The self-archived submitted and accepted versions may only be used in non-commercial capacities. Individual users may view, print, download, and copy self-archived articles, as well as text and data mine the content conditions for non-commercial and non-promotional research and private study purposes, under the following requirements:

•    The authors' moral rights are not compromised and there is clear "attribution" of the author(s) in the shared work.
•    The authors’ integrity remains intact; the work should never be altered in such a way that the author's reputation or integrity may be damaged.
•    Any reuse complies with the copyright policies of the owner of that content.
•    Self-archived content may never be republished verbatim in whole or in part in print or online formats.

 

 

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the US Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on US foreign policy and national security goals against targeted foreign countries and regimes, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, those engaged in activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and other threats to the national security, foreign policy or economy of the United States. (Source: https://www.treasury.gov/about/organizational-structure/offices/pages/office-of-foreign-assets-control.aspx)

Our journal editors welcome contributions from researchers around the world; however, they are also required to follow sanction laws and regulations. Upon the date of this update (August 2020), sanction measures imposed by the United States, United Nations, European Union, and Australia are currently in place against the following countries: Cuba, Crimea, Iran, North Korea, and Syria. Journal editors will treat with caution any submission from a sanctioned country regarding the subject matter and will seek appropriate legal advice from the publisher if necessary.

Papers from sanctioned countries that are submitted to any Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., journal MUST contain a confirmation statement after the conclusion section of the manuscript which indicates that EACH listed author confirms that their research is supported by an institution that is primarily involved in education or research.

For further questions, please contact our Director of Production and Editorial Operations.

ARCHIVING AND PRESERVATION

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., deposits and archives all publications in Portico for long-term digital preservation. Your article will be easily searchable on Google, Google Scholar, and other search engines.

PUBLISHER

Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is owned and published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers, 140 Huguenot Street, 3rd Floor, New Rochelle, NY 10801; Tel: 914-740-2100; Email: Info@liebertpub.com; Website: www.liebertpub.com/CAFF

The views, opinions, findings, conclusions and recommendations set forth in any Journal article are solely those of the authors of those articles and do not necessarily reflect the views, policy or position of the Journal, its Publisher, its editorial staff or any affiliated Societies and should not be attributed to any of them.