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Information For Authors


Soft Robotics, a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the innovation of engineering and technology for the design and use of soft materials in mobile machines. The Journal breaks new ground as the first to address this emerging, widely-recognized, and increasingly adopted area of research, design, and development.  It is a journal for research into the urgent need for robots that can safely interact with living systems and function in complex natural, or human-built, environments. The Journal covers topics related to device development in these fields, such as soft material creation, characterization, and modeling; flexible and degradable electronics; soft actuators and sensors; control and simulation of highly deformable structures; biomechanics and control of soft animals and tissues; biohybrid devices and living machines; and design and fabrication of conformable machines. Soft Robotics is a multidisciplinary approach that will incorporate biomaterials, neuromechanical controllers, and evolutionary concepts into the successful design of novel machines.

All manuscripts should be submitted via our online submission site:  


All submissions to the Journal are subject to peer review.  Authors are encouraged, but not required, to supply the names and valid email addresses of three to four individuals who are considered qualified to review the submitted material, as well as the names of individuals whom the authors would prefer not be selected as a reviewer. However, the review selection is ultimately at the discretion of the Editor.



The Editors:

  • Have complete jurisdiction over the final decision on any given paper.
  • Will recuse him/herself from the decision-making process any on any paper in which he/she is an author;
  • Will remain independent in their decision to accept or reject any given paper;
  • Will preserve the identity of any and all peer reviewers;
  • Will promote the publication of post-publication corrections or retractions after a thorough investigation of the circumstances;
  • Will maintain the highest level of integrity of the peer-review process and will uphold the strictest standards of scientific publishing.

Please read all the instructions to authors before submitting.


  • Manuscripts *must* be submitted via upload in Word or LaTex format
  • Please do not include any figures and/or tables within the main text document.
  • There is a maximum of 10 figures permitted in Review and Original submissions. 
  • Tables should be submitted in individual Word files.
  • Figures should be supplied in separate files, be labeled clearly, and should be in TIF or EPS formats. Please see the Illustrations section for further details on art submission.
  • There is a maximum of 10 figures permitted in Review and Original submissions.
  • Please visit: for LaTex instructions.
  • Do not upload PDFs of any text files.

Original Research Papers: The title page should include the authors' names and affiliations, the source of a work or study (if any), and a running title of about 45 characters. Please indicate the author to whom correspondence should be sent when you submit. The abstract should be no more than 250 words and should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. Abstracts should be unstructured but the paper must contain separate sections as follows: Objective, Materials and Methods, Results, and Conclusion.

Perspective Papers should follow this format: Abstract (unstructured), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, Author Disclosure, and References. The body of the paper should not exceed 3,000 words. At the end of the manuscript, give the name and address of the individual to whom correspondence should be directed.

Brief Communications: An abstract of 100 words should outline the purpose, methodology, and results of the communication. The format for the body of the manuscript may vary depending upon the nature of the report but may not exceed 2,000 words. References should be included at the end of the manuscript.

Reviews: An abstract of 100 words should state the subject of the review and its importance. The abstract should summarize the most important points of the review. The body of the manuscript should take on headings appropriate for the topic (for example: Introduction, Technology Issues, Regulatory Issues, Clinical Studies). The body of the text should not exceed 3,000 words.

Other Communications: The editors welcome letters concerning items published in the Journal. Book reviews and potential news items are also welcome.



Letters to the Editor(s) are welcomed, but with a 500 word limit and no more than one (1) table OR figure, and with a maximum of four (4) references.

Please adhere to the following instructions to avoid delays in processing.


Use Arabic numerals to number tables. Do not repeat information that is given in the text, and do not make a table for data that can be given in the text in one or two sentences. Provide titles for all tables. Define all acronyms in table footnotes. All other types of table footnotes should be designated using superscript letters, not symbols.

When naming your figure files, please label them with the author's last name, followed by the figure number. Ex: SmithFig1.tif. Label figures and tables inside the files in addition to naming the file with the figure or table number. (i.e.: When figures or table files are opened, the figure or table number should appear inside the file.)

Electronic submission of art MUST follow these guidelines:

  1. There is a maximum of 10 figures permitted in Review and Original submissions.
  2. Do not include any illustrations as part of your text file.
  3. Do not prepare any figures in Word as they are not workable. 
  4. Line illustrations must be submitted at a minimum of 900 DPI.
  5. Halftones and color photos should be submitted at a minimum of 300 DPI. 
  6. Please submit only TIFF or EPS files of figures and/or illustrations.  Avoid submitting PDFs as figure files.
  7. Color art must be saved as CYMK not RGB. If RGB files are submitted, the files will be converted to CYMK, and some color variation may occur.
  8. PowerPoint or Excel files cannot be uploaded.


Costs are based on the number of figures and pages in a typeset article.  Please contact for estimates, and for options on discounted services.


  • Reference citations are not permitted in the abstract of a paper.
  • References should be cited in sequential order using superscripted numbers, outside punctuation. 

  • The reference list must be supplied in numerical order, not alphabetical.  

Example reference styles:

Journal Article:  [List the first three authors, follwed by et al.]

Ward-Cherrier B, Pestell N, Cramphorn L, et al. The TacTip family:  Soft optical tactile sensors with 3D-  printed biomimetic morphologies.  Soft Robot. 2018;5(2):216-227.

Entire Book: [List all authors/editors; do not use et al.]

Verl A, Albu-Schäffer A, Brock O, Raatz A.  Soft Robotics: Transferring Theory to Application. New York, NY:  Springer; 2016.

Chapter in a Book:  [If more than three authors are named on a chapter, list the first three followed by et al, as in journal article references.]

Trimmer BA.  Animal models for non-pneumatic soft robotics.  In:  Laschi C, Rossiter J, Iida F. Cianchetti M, Margheri L, eds.    Soft Robotics: Trends, Applications and Challenges: Proceedings of the Soft Robotics Week, April 25-30, 2016, Livorno, Italy (Biosystems & Biorobotics).  New York, NY:  Springer; 2017;47-56.

If it is necessary to cite an abstract, this should be so designated. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the reference and are reminded that inaccurate references are highly frustrating to the reader, the cited author, and indexing services. Abbreviations of journal titles should follow Medline


Follow the Uniform Guidelines for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals (Ann Intern Med 1988; 108:258-265). Papers will be edited to conform to the individual style of Soft Robotics.


The author must obtain permission to reproduce figures, tables, and text from previously published material, even if it is the author's own work. Written permission must be obtained from the original copyright holder (generally the publisher, not the author or editor) of the journal or book concerned. An appropriate credit line should be included in the figure legend or table footnote, and full publication information should be included in the reference list. Written permission must be obtained from the author of any unpublished material cited from other institutions and should accompany the manuscript. 


Authors must acknowledge all funding sources supporting the work. 


Immediately following the Acknowledgments section, include a section entitled “Author Disclosure Statement.”

All authors must disclose any associations that pose real or perceived conflicts of interest in connection with the manuscript. Authors should also disclose any financial interests that they may have in the company supporting the work. This statement should include appropriate information for EACH author, thereby representing that competing financial interests of all authors have been appropriately disclosed according to the policy of the Journal. It is important that all conflicts of interest, whether they are perceived, potential, or actual be disclosed. This information will remain confidential while the paper is being reviewed and will not influence the editorial decision. Please see the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals for further guidance. If no conflicts exist, the authors must state “No competing financial interests exist."


All manuscripts must comply with the privacy and confidentiality requirements outlined in the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals on the ICMJE website. For more information, visit

When articles include reports of studies on human subjects, state in the Methods section that an appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee approved the study. Authors who do not have formal ethics review committees should follow the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki (2008). In the Methods section, state that informed consent was obtained from subjects (specify written or verbal).

The principal author must state that if animals were used experimentally, permission was obtained from the appropriate committee(s), and that the animals were treated humanely and the standards conformed to those of current ethical animal research practices.

In addition, text and photographs should not reveal any identifying information unless it is essential for scientific purposes (in which case, consent should be obtained). Masking the subjects’ eyes in photographs is often insufficient to protect their identity.



Reprints may be ordered by following the special instructions that will accompany page proofs, and should be ordered at the time the corresponding author returns the corrected page proofs to the Publisher. Reprints ordered after an issue is printed will be charged at a substantially higher rate.

Soft Robotics publishes six issues annually by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers, 140 Huguenot Street, New Rochelle, NY 10801-5215. Telephone: (914) 740–2100; Fax: (914) 740–2101; Online:

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