Information For Authors
- Manuscript Submission Guidelines
- Author Benefits Program
- Open Access Policy
- NIH/HHMI Wellcome Trust Policies
- Self-Archiving Policy
Submitting Your Manuscript
Big Data welcomes format-neutral manuscripts for first-time submissions. Newly submitted manuscripts will not be un-submitted for formatting issues. However, after the initial peer review process, revised submissions must follow correct journal formatting and file guidelines, as described below in the Instructions for Authors. Please note that there are certain compulsory elements (i.e.: IRB approvals, author disclosures, etc.) for all new submissions. Manuscripts submitted without this information will be un-submitted and the submitting author will be asked to add the required components.
The content of manuscripts must be clear, accurate, coherent, and logical. The Editors will also consider the originality, teaching value, and validity of manuscripts.
The submitting author is required to complete the submission using an ORCID identifier. Please visit the ORCID website for more information, or to register. You must have an account in ScholarOne for Big Data before logging in with an ORCID identifier.
Manuscript Submission Site
Create an Account in ScholarOne
If you do not already have an account in ScholarOne for Big Data, you will need to create one. Once you create your account, you may log in to the system to begin your submission. Each listed author on a submission must either have an account, or have one created, in the submission system.
All authors, including the co-authors, should be responsible for a significant part of the manuscript. All authors and co-authors should have taken part in writing the manuscript, reviewing it, and revising its intellectual and technical content. Any author whose name appears on a manuscript assumes responsibility and accountability for the results.
Please note that if manuscripts are submitted by third parties (i.e., editing services or other agents), those third parties must submit the manuscript as a submitting agent, using a corporate or official email account. In addition,the name and company of the submitting agent must be disclosed in the cover letter. Author are responsible for manuscripts submitted by third parties. If we determine that a non-disclosed third party submitted the manuscript without following these procedures, we reserve the right to immediately reject the manuscript.
Submitting Author/Agent: It is incumbent upon the submitting author/agent to ensure the inclusion and accuracy of all contributing authors’ names, valid email addresses, and affiliations upon original submission of the manuscript.
All Original submissions must contain:
- An Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval (or waiver) statement in the Methods section
- Acknowledgments section (if applicable) after the Conclusion of the manuscript, followed by
- An Author Contribution statement for each listed author, followed by
- An Author Disclosure Statement for each author listed on a submission, even if there are no conflicts to disclose, followed by,
- Funding statement(s), even if there is no funding information to declare.
See FUNDING INFORMATION: COMPLIANCE AND STATEMENTS
All manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.
When submitting your manuscript for peer review, be prepared to:
- Enter the full title of the manuscript
- Enter the full names and institutional affiliations of ALL listed authors
- Enter ALL listed authors' institutional email addresses
- Identify the corresponding author
- Enter a running (abbreviated) title of no more than 45 characters (including spaces).
- Enter 3–6 keywords or phrases to assist in the selection of skilled reviewers in the field for the purposes of peer review.
- Provide an unstructured abstract of no more than 350 words
- Provide the names and email addresses of at least five potential preferred reviewers familiar with the field. Please make sure preferred reviewers are not from your university or institution or with whom you have collaborated. Anyone whom the author does not want to be considered should also be named as a non-preferred reviewer. Ultimate reviewer selection is at the Editor’s discretion.
- Confirm that the material has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.
All submissions should include a cover letter from the corresponding author at the time of submission. The cover letter should include the following:
- A declaration that the submission has received all authors’ IRB approvals, if applicable. If IRB approval has been waived, state the reason for exemption in the cover letter.
- A statement detailing each listed author’s role in the development of the manuscript (See AUTHORSHIP DEFINITION AND RESPONSIBILITIES).
- A statement indicating that the article has not been previously published in any form
- A statement confirming that the article is not under consideration nor in press elsewhere
- Authors are encouraged to detail the significance and uniqueness of the work in a single paragraph
- If non-preferred reviewers are selected, please state the reason for exclusion.
Create an Effective Title
- Manuscript titles should be brief, contain key terms, and clearly identify the purpose of the work conducted
- Manuscript titles should not exceed 15 -18 words. Exceptions can be made with the Editor’s approval
- Manuscript titles should be direct and to the point. Remember that the journal has a global readership, so clear and concise non-vernacular language is most effective
- Avoid the use of specific locations in the title
- Do not use proprietary/trademarked names in the title
- Do not use acronyms in the title unless they are universally recognized and accepted
- NOTE: The title page of your submission must be included as part of your main text document (not as a separate file).
All file names should be in English and contain only alphanumeric characters. Do not include spaces, symbols, special characters, dashes, dots, or underscores. Label each file with the first author's last name, followed by the content of the file (i.e.: SmithText; SmithTables; SmithFigureLegends; SmithFig1, etc.)
Important: Please upload individual files of all manuscript material as described herein — please do NOT upload a combined PDF file containing all material in your submission.
Preparation of Manuscript
Prepare text of manuscripts, figure legends, and tables in Microsoft Word, double spaced. The order of elements in each manuscript should be:
- Title page (with full manuscript title, all contributing authors, their highest-received academic degree and affiliations, a short running title, a denotation of the corresponding author, and a list of 3-6 keywords)
- Main text (do not embed figures or tables)
- Conclusion (as a separate paragraph, not as part of the Discussion section)
- Acknowledgments (if applicable)
- Authorship confirmation statement (see below)
- Author(s’) disclosure statement(s) (see below)
- Funding statement (see below)
- Figure legends
- Supplemental Information (if applicable); NOTE: Supplemental Information will not be copyedited or typeset; it will be posted online as supplied.)
Note: The keywords are search terms that will aid in the discoverability of the article in indexing services and search engines. These terms may or may not be different from the terms you selected for the peer review process and areas of expertise. You will be asked to retype these search terms in the submission form when uploading your manuscript. These keywords will be included in the published article. If the search terms entered do not match the manuscript, the manuscript will serve as the default.
An abstract should accompany every original submission, as noted herein. The abstract should appear on its own separate page of the manuscript file. It should consist of factual information and not generalities (the problem investigated, the method used, the results obtained, and the conclusions reached).
Maximum word count for original articles should not exceed 8,000 words. In general, the text should be organized under the headings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions. Use only standard abbreviations, which can be found in the AMA’s Manual of Style for Authors & Editors or the Council of Biology Editors Style Manual, 10/e. At first usage, spell out terms and provide abbreviations in parentheses. Thereafter, use only the abbreviations. It is not necessary to spell out standard units of measure. Use generic names for drugs if possible. If you wish to use a proprietary drug name the first time it appears, use the generic name followed by the proprietary name, manufacturer, and location in parentheses.
Please include a list of all abbreviations used in the article. All abbreviations and their definitions should be spelled out in a list on a separate page immediately after the title page.
If a statistical analysis is performed, an explanation of how it was performed must be stated at the end of the section preceding the results. Unusual or complex methods of analysis should be referenced.
References must be prepared in Word, double spaced, and numbered consecutively as they are cited in the text (using superscript numbers). Do not include brackets or parentheses. Include the reference section as part of the main text file, not as a separate file. References appearing for the first time in tables and figures must be numbered in sequence with those cited in the text where the table or figure is mentioned. Use journal abbreviations as provided by PubMed/Medline. List the first three authors, followed by et al. If references to personal communications or unpublished data are used, they are not to be in the list of references. They should be referred to in the text in parentheses: (AB Jones, personal communication). Include among the references any articles that have been accepted but have not yet published; identify the name of publication and add "In Press." If the reference has been published online, provide the DOI number in place of the page range.
References to journal articles should include (1) Authors (first three, then et al.), (2) article title, (3) journal name (as abbreviated in Medline), (4) year; (5) volume number: (6) inclusive page range, in that order. References to books should include (1) author(s), (2) chapter title (if any), (3) editor (if any), (4) title of the book, (5) city and state or country of publication, (6) publisher, (7) year, and (8) page range if a chapter is used. Volume and edition numbers, and name of the translator should be included when appropriate.
Sample style for references:
Greene G, Shmueli G, Ray S, et al. Adjusting to the GDPR: The impact on data scientists and behavioral researchers. Big Data. 2019;7:140-162.
Franks B. Taming the big data tidal wave: Finding opportunities in huge data streams with advanced analytics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
Figure legends should be uploaded as a separate Word file and double spaced. In the legend, provide explanations for any abbreviations, arrows, etc. that appear in the figure. If the illustration is taken from a copyrighted publication, permission must be secured, appropriate credit must be given in the legend, and a corresponding reference must appear in the reference section.
All tables should be prepared in one single Word file. Provide a title for each table. Cite tables in sequence in the text. Explain abbreviations used in the body of the table in footnotes. If the table is taken from a copyrighted publication, permission must be secured, appropriate credit must be given in the legend, and a corresponding reference must appear in the reference section.
- Submission of high resolution .TIFF or .EPS figure files is strongly recommended.
- Figures should not be embedded within the manuscript file.
- Cite figures consecutively in text within parentheses.
- A legend should be supplied for each figure and all legends numbered consecutively.
- Images should not show the name of a patient or a manufacturer.
- Do not include any illustrations as part of your text file.
Following the references, provide the name and complete affiliation and institutional email address of the person to whom correspondence should be sent.
To upload a revision of a manuscript, the submitting author should log in to their Author Center and click on “Revised Manuscripts in Draft.” All revised submissions will be required to meet all formatting conditions described herein. Submissions that do not satisfy these requirements will be un-submitted and returned to the submitting author for proper configuration.
Letters to the Editor
Big Data will consider Letters to the Editor commenting on the scientific content of an article published in the Journal. Letters should not exceed 500 words of text and 5 references. Letters submitted for publication must be original and must not be submitted to any other publication simultaneously.
Journal Policies on:
Licensing Information: OPEN ACCESS and Copyright
Data Sharing and Preprint Policies
Post-Acceptance and Post-Publication Policies
Correction Statements / Retractions
Reprints, Permissions, & Social Media Use
Plagiarism Detection Software
Definitions of Scientific Misconduct
Responding to Allegations of Scientific Misconduct
Press Embargo Policy
Archiving and Preservation
For questions regarding manuscript submissions, contact our Author Services Division.
Liebert Open Access
Ensure maximum visibility, discoverability, and impact for your article with our Liebert Open Access (OA) Option
Does your research funder have an open access mandate or would you like to expand the dissemination of your research?
Liebert Open Option program allows authors to publish open access in our esteemed subscription-based journals.
The benefits of open option are:
- High visibility, open access articles are freely available online upon publication
- Easy compliance with open access mandates
- You retain copyright and the open access license allows for broad dissemination of your research
- You can freely share your article in repositories and research networks without restrictions
Identification and Marketing
Open access articles are listed with an OA icon in journal table of contents (TOC), TOC alerts, and marketing. Open access articles highlighted and promoted in targeted email announcements to thousands of research leaders in your field.
Copyright and Licensing
If you choose to publish open access with Liebert Open Access, you will retain copyright of your article and a creative commons license will be applied. The liberal Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC BY) license is the default open access license used at Mary Ann Liebert Publishers. The CC-BY license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.
At this time we allow authors to choose between the CC-BY, CC-BY-NonCommercial or CC-BY-NonCommercial ShareAlike license. A limited number of journals offer NonCommercial licenses exclusively.
Ordering Open Access
Once your article has been accepted for publication in a journal, you will receive an email with information on ordering Liebert Open Option. If would like to get more information about Liebert Open Option or would like to order open access, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Publishing open access includes an article publication charge (APC) and authors are asked to fill out a short Open Option order form. You can pay by credit card or receive an invoice. Please remember that traditional subscription journals can carry mandatory or optional author fees. The Open Option APC does not cover replace existing publication or author fees.
Publishing biomedical or biotechnology research?
Biomedical researchers should consider publishing in BioResearch Open Access, a fully open access peer reviewed journal dedicated to publishing top research in the biomedical and biotechnology fields. Please visit the journal for more information.
*Please note that PubMedCentral, not the Publisher, has sole control over when the paper is made live on PMC.
Is your Institution a member of the Liebert Author Advocacy Program?
The Liebert Author Advocacy Program (LAAP) provides valuable membership benefits for OA publication to institutional and funding organizations, and supports global funding mandates. Authors who are affiliated with LAAP member institutions receive all the valuable benefits of Liebert OA article publication, and more.
NIH Public Access Policy: In order to assist our authors who have NIH funding to comply with this policy, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers will deposit the final accepted paper (after copy-editing and proofreading) to PubMed Central (PMC) on behalf of the authors. Authors need not take any action. The manuscript's public access posting on PMC will occur 12 months after final publication. This service is provided free of charge. Please note that authors may not deposit manuscripts directly to PMC or other sites without permission from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Publishing in Subscription Journals
By signing the copyright transfer statement, authors still retain a set of rights that allow for self-archiving.
Authors may archive their preprint manuscripts (version prior to peer review) at any time without restrictions. Authors may archive their postprint manuscripts (accepted version after peer review) in institutional repositories, preprint servers, and research networks after a 12 month embargo. The 12 month embargo period begins when the article is published online. Postprints must not be used for commercial purposes and acknowledgement must be given to the final publication, and publisher, by inserting the DOI number of the article in the following sentence: “Final publication is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers http://dx.doi.org/[insert DOI]”. Authors may archive on their personal website without an embargo provided their manuscript is updated with an acknowledgement to the publisher copyright and final published version.
The final published article (version of record) can never be archived in a repository, preprint server, or research network.
Publishing Open Access
Authors that wish to easily comply with funder or institutional open access mandates should consider publishing open access. Liebert Open Access option allows authors to make their research freely available online without restrictions. Additionally, Liebert Open Access option allows authors to retain copyright, archive and share the final published version of their article without restrictions. To publish open access please email email@example.com or visit Liebert Open Access for more information.