Information For Authors

Our dynamic Author Benefits Program provides you with end-to-end benefits that ensure your hard work pays off and your published manuscript gets the attention it deserves not just upon publication, but permanently.

Your paper will undergo peer review. You will be advised whether it is acceptable and, if so, whether revisions have been recommended.


Manuscripts must be submitted online using the following url: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/viral

Please read all the instructions to authors before submitting.

The Journal will publish both full and short communications. Full communications should be prepared as described below; short communications do not need compartmentalization and should be limited to a maximum of two tables or two figures, or one of each. Contributions to the Journal are published at no charge to the author. Manuscripts should be submitted with the understanding that they have neither been previously published, nor are they under consideration elsewhere. Authors will be allowed to indicate one reviewer who should be excluded from review of their manuscript.

PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPT

NOTE: 

All submitted manuscripts will be processed through plagiarism detection software.  Plagiarized manuscripts will be rejected immediately.

 

Papers must be submitted via upload in a word processing format, preferably in Microsoft Word. Please do not include artwork within the text document. Figures and tables should be supplied in separate files, be labeled clearly, and should be in TIFF or EPS formats. Please see the Tables and Illustrations section for futher details on art submission.

 

TABLES AND ILLUSTRATIONS 

Electronic submission of art MUST follow these guidelines:

 

  • Do not include any illustrations as part of your text file.
  • Do not prepare any figures in Word as they are not workable.
  • Line illustrations must be submitted at 900 DPI.
  • Halftones and color photos should be submitted at 300 DPI.
  • Please submit only TIFF or EPS files.
  • Tables should be submitted in Word.
  • Color art must be saved as CYMK not RGB or INDEX.  If RGB files are submitted, the files will be converted to CYMK, and some slight color variation may occur.
  • When naming your figure files, please label them with the first author’s last name followed by Figure 1.,  Figure 2,, etc.  Label figures and tables inside the files in addition to naming the file with the figure or table number. (i.e.: When figures or table files are opened, the figure or table number should appear inside the file.)
  • PowerPoint or Excel files cannot be uploaded.

 

1)  Tables should be typed double spaced, one to a page and placed after the references.  2)  Legends for tables go above the table.  Capitalize TABLE 1., etc. with Arabic numerals.  3) Capitalize FIGURE 1., etc. and set it to the left of the title on the same line.  Remember, each table must stand alone, i.e., contain all necessary information in the caption, and the table itself must be understood independently of the text.  Do not repeat information that is given in the text, and do not make a table for data that can be given in the text in one or two sentences.

 

COLOR PUBLICATION

The Journal will publish color photographs, with a subsidy from the author. Costs are dependent upon the number of figures within a paper.  For details, contact our Author Benefits Program administrator.
 

FOOTNOTES

Footnotes should be typed double spaced on a separate page. They should be used only when essential.

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Collaborations, sources of research funds, and other acknowledgments should be listed in a separate section at the end of the text ahead of the reference section.

 

Disclosure Statement

Immediately following the Acknowledgments section, include a section entitled “Author Disclosure Statement.” In this portion of the paper, authors must disclose any commercial associations that might create a conflict of interest in connection with submitted manuscripts. This statement should include appropriate information for EACH author, thereby representing that competing financial interests of all authors have been appropriately disclosed according to the policy of the Journal. It is important that all conflicts of interest, whether they are actual or potential, be disclosed. This information will remain confidential while the paper is being reviewed and will not influence the editorial decision. Please see the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals at http://www.icmje.org/index.html#conflicts for further guidance. If no conflicts exist, the authors must state “No competing financial interests exist."


LITERATURE CITED. (1) References should be listed in alphabetical order but are cited in the text by number in parentheses. (2) The order of the other elements is: year, title of paper, journal, volume, and inclusive page numbers. Please be certain all reference citations are accurate, as we do not check them. For a book, the order is: authors, year, chapter title, inclusive pages, editor(s) name(s), book title, publisher, city of publication. Papers that are in preparation or submitted (but not yet accepted) should be mentioned in parentheses in the text; they should not be included as LITERATURE CITED.

 

Please upload individual files of all manuscript material – do NOT upload a single PDF file containing all text, figure, and table files of your paper. Once all individual files are uploaded on to Manuscript Central, the system will automatically create a single PDF proof for you and the peer-review process.

 

PERMISSIONS

The author must obtain permission whenever it is required in conjunction with the reproduction of material such as figures and tables from copyrighted material. Written permission must be obtained from the publisher (not the author or editor) of the journal or book concerned. The publication from which the figure or table is taken must be listed in the reference list. Finally, the first footnote of a reprinted table, or the last sentence of the legend of a reprinted figure, should read "reprinted by permission from Ref. (00)" and list appropriate reference number.

 

REPRINTS

Reprints may be ordered by following the special instructions that will accompany page proofs, and should be ordered at the time the corresponding author returns the corrected page proofs to the Publisher. Reprints ordered after an issue is printed will be charged at a substantially higher rate.

 

PUBLISHER

The Journal is published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 140 Huguenot Street, New Rochelle, New York 10801-5215. Telephone: (914) 740-2100; fax: (914) 740-2101; E-mail: info@liebertpub.com internet: www.liebertpub.com

Liebert Open Access

Ensure maximum visibility, discoverability, and impact for your article with our Liebert Open Access (OA) option

Explore Liebert Open Access

Does your research funder have an open access mandate or would you like to expand the dissemination of your research?

The Liebert Open Access option enables authors to publish open access in our esteemed subscription-based journals.

The benefits of Liebert Open Access include:

  • High visibility; open access articles are freely available online upon publication
  • You retain copyright with the open access license allowing broad dissemination of your research
  • You can freely share your article in repositories and research networks without restrictions
  • Easy compliance with open access mandates
  • Rigorous editorial and peer-review
  • Targeted email announcement featuring a direct link to article

Identification and Marketing

Open access articles are listed with an OA icon in journal tables of content (TOC), TOC alerts, and in marketing announcements. Open access articles are highlighted and promoted in targeted email announcements to thousands of research leaders in your field.

Copyright and Licensing

If you choose to publish with open access, you will retain copyright of your article and a Creative Commons license will be applied. The liberal Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY) license is the default open access license used at Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The CC-BY license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.

At this time we allow authors to choose between the CC-BY or CC-BY-NonCommercial license. A limited number of journals offer NonCommercial licenses exclusively.

Ordering Open Access

Once your article has been accepted for publication in a journal, you will receive an email with information on ordering Liebert Open Access. If you would like more information about Liebert Open Access or would like to order open access, please email openaccess@liebertpub.com.

Publishing open access includes an article publication charge (APC) and authors are asked to fill out a short open access order form.  You can pay by credit card or receive an invoice to be returned with payment or via bank transfer. Please remember that traditional subscription journals can carry mandatory or optional author fees. The Liebert Open Access APC does not cover or replace existing publication or author fees.

Publishing biomedical or biotechnology research?

Biomedical researchers should consider publishing in BioResearch Open Access, a fully open access peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing top research in the biomedical and biotechnology fields. For details, please visit the information for authors on the journal website.

 *Please note that PubMedCentral, not the Publisher, has sole control over when the paper is made live on PMC.

 

Valuable benefits of OA available for download.

Browse journals in the Liebert Open Access portfolio:

NIH Public Access Policy: In order to assist our authors who have NIH funding to comply with this policy, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers will deposit the final accepted paper (after copy-editing and proofreading) to PubMed Central (PMC) on behalf of the authors. Authors need not take any action. The manuscript's public access posting on PMC will occur 12 months after final publication. This service is provided free of charge. Please note that authors may not deposit manuscripts directly to PMC or other sites without permission from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Publishing in Subscription Journals

By signing the copyright transfer statement, authors still retain a set of rights that allow for self-archiving.

Authors may archive their preprint manuscripts (version prior to peer review) at any time without restrictions. Authors may archive their postprint manuscripts (accepted version after peer review) in institutional repositories, preprint servers, and research networks after a 12 month embargo. The 12 month embargo period begins when the article is published online. Postprints must not be used for commercial purposes and acknowledgement must be given to the final publication, and publisher, by inserting the DOI number of the article in the following sentence: “Final publication is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers http://dx.doi.org/[insert DOI]”. Authors may archive on their personal website without an embargo provided their manuscript is updated with an acknowledgement to the publisher copyright and final published version.

The final published article (version of record) can never be archived in a repository, preprint server, or research network.

 

Publishing Open Access

Authors that wish to easily comply with funder or institutional open access mandates should consider publishing open access. Liebert Open Access option allows authors to make their research freely available online without restrictions. Additionally, Liebert Open Access option allows authors to retain copyright, archive and share the final published version of their article without restrictions. To publish open access please email openaccess@liebertpub.com or visit Liebert Open Access for more information.

The views, opinions, findings, conclusions and recommendations set forth in any Journal article are solely those of the authors of those articles and do not necessarily reflect the views, policy or position of the Journal, its Publisher, its editorial staff or any affiliated Societies and should not be attributed to any of them.