Information For Authors
- Manuscript Submission Guidelines
- Author Benefits Program
- Open Access Policy
- NIH/HHMI Wellcome Trust Policies
- Self-Archiving Policy
Astrobiology brings together research scientists from around the world to test hypotheses and methodologies, and advance theories with regard to the origins of life, the search for life, our understanding of the distribution and evolution of life, and the ways in which life interacts with its environment. Topics included in this multidisciplinary science are discussed in articles by Morrison (2001) in Astrobiology Volume 1, Issue 1; Des Marais et al. (2003) in Astrobiology Volume 3, Issue 2; and Des Marais et al. (2008) in Astrobiology Volume 8, Issue 4, available at www.liebertpub.com/ast. Astrobiology also welcomes research articles in fundamental space biology, that is, articles that discuss the responses of terrestrial life when exposed to conditions (such as microgravity and enhanced radiation) that would apply beyond Earth. Such research is basic to understanding the ability of Earth life to move beyond its planet of origin.
Original scientific contributions that further an understanding of any aspect of astrobiology and space biology, including relevant observational, experimental, and theoretical investigations, will be considered for publication.
Submitting Your Manuscript
Astrobiology welcomes format-neutral manuscripts for first-time submissions. Newly submitted manuscripts will not be un-submitted for formatting issues. However, after the initial peer review process, revised submissions must follow correct journal formatting and file guidelines, as described below in the Instructions for Authors. Please note that there are certain compulsory elements (i.e.: IRB approvals, author disclosures, etc.) for all new submissions. Manuscripts submitted without this information will be un-submitted and the submitting author will be asked to add the required components.
The submitting author is required to complete the submission using an ORCID identifier. Please visit the ORCID website for more information, or to register. You must have an account in ScholarOne for Astrobiology before logging in with an ORCID identifier.
Manuscript Submission Site
Create an Account in ScholarOne
If you do not already have an account in ScholarOne for Astrobiology, you will need to create one. Once you create your account, you may log in to the system to begin your submission. Each listed author on a submission must either have an account, or have one created, in the submission system.
Check the Journal’s PEER REVIEW POLICIES
Authorship should be determined at the time of submission. Changes in authorship after submission or acceptance of a manuscript are strongly discouraged, but the editorial leadership recognizes that in certain circumstances, it may be required.
All authors, including the co-authors, should be responsible for a significant part of the manuscript. All authors and co-authors should have taken part in writing the manuscript, reviewing it, and revising its intellectual and technical content. Any author whose name appears on a manuscript assumes responsibility and accountability for the results.
Submitting Author/Agent: It is incumbent upon the submitting author/agent to ensure the inclusion and accuracy of all contributing authors’ names, valid email addresses, and affiliations upon original submission of the manuscript. Ensure that the author listing is complete and all names are spelled correctly.
All Original submissions must contain:
- An Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval (or waiver) statement in the Methods section
- Acknowledgments section (if applicable) after the Conclusion of the manuscript, followed by
- An Author Contribution statement for each listed author, followed by
- An Author Disclosure Statement for each author listed on a submission, even if there are no conflicts to disclose, followed by,
- Funding statement(s), even if there is no funding information to declare.
See FUNDING INFORMATION: COMPLIANCE AND STATEMENTS
Sample Collection Permits and Use
Authors should confirm that they complied with all sample collection permit and use requirements and include the full name of the issuing authority, which should be acknowledged in the manuscript.
All manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.
When submitting your manuscript for peer review, be prepared to:
- Enter the full title of the manuscript
- Enter the full names and institutional affiliations of ALL listed authors
- Enter ALL listed authors' institutional email addresses
- Identify the corresponding author
- Enter a running (abbreviated) title of no more than 40 characters (including spaces).
- Enter 3–6 keywords or phrases to assist in the selection of skilled reviewers in the field for the purposes of peer review.
- Provide an unstructured abstract of no more than 200 words, stating the aims, results, and conclusions drawn from the study.
- Provide the names and email addresses of at least five potential preferred reviewers familiar with the field. Please make sure preferred reviewers are not from your university or institution or with whom you have collaborated. Anyone whom the author does not want to be considered should also be named as a non-preferred reviewer. Ultimate reviewer selection is at the Editor’s discretion.
- Confirm that the material has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.
Create an Effective Title
- Manuscript titles should be brief, contain key terms, and clearly identify the purpose of the work conducted
- Manuscript titles should not exceed 15 -18 words. Exceptions can be made with the Editor’s approval
- Manuscript titles should be direct and to the point. Remember that the journal has a global readership, so clear and concise non-vernacular language is most effective
- Avoid the use of specific locations in the title
- Do not use proprietary/trademarked names in the title
- Do not use acronyms in the title unless they are universally recognized and accepted
- NOTE: The title page of your submission must be included as part of your main text document (not as a separate file).
All file names should be in English and contain only alphanumeric characters. Do not include spaces, symbols, special characters, dashes, dots, or underscores. Label each file with the first author's last name, followed by the content of the file (i.e.: SmithText; SmithTables; SmithFigureLegends; SmithFig1, etc.)
Important: Please upload individual files of all manuscript material as described herein — please do NOT upload a combined PDF file containing all material in your submission.
Preparation of Manuscript
Prepare text of manuscripts, figure legends, and tables in Microsoft Word, double spaced. The order of elements in each manuscript should be:
- Title page (with full manuscript title, all contributing authors and their institutional affiliations, a short running title, a denotation of the corresponding author, and a list of 3-6 keywords).
- Main text (do not embed figures or tables)
- Conclusion (as a separate paragraph, not as part of the Discussion section)
- Acknowledgments (if applicable)
- Authorship confirmation statement (see below)
- Author(s’) disclosure statement(s) (see below)
- Funding statement (see below)
- Figure legends
- Supplemental Information (if applicable); NOTE: Supplemental Information will not be copyedited or typeset; it will be posted online as supplied.)
Note: The keywords are search terms that will aid in the discoverability of the article in indexing services and search engines. They may or may not be different from the terms that you selected for the peer review process and areas of expertise. You will be asked to retype these search terms in the submission form when uploading your manuscript. These keywords will be included in the published article. If the search terms entered do not match the manuscript, the manuscript will serve as the default.
Research articles should not exceed 15 journal pages. In general, the text should be organized under the headings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions and/or Implications. The Results and Discussion should be separate manuscript sections. Use only standard abbreviations, which can be found in the AMA’s Manual of Style for Authors & Editors or the Council of Biology Editors Style Manual, 10/e. At first usage, spell out terms and provide abbreviations in parentheses. Thereafter, use only the abbreviations. It is not necessary to spell out standard units of measure. Use generic names for drugs if possible. If you wish to use a proprietary drug name the first time it appears, use the generic name followed by the proprietary name, manufacturer, and location in parentheses.
An EndNote Bibliographic Output Style is available for Astrobiology. If you have access to the software in your library you can access this style.
All references should be cited by author(s) and date within the text [e.g.: Its goal is to study the subsurface of Mars, to characterize mineralogy and ices (De Sanctis et al., 2017)]. If there are three or more authors, use an italicized “et al.” notation after the first author’s name [e.g.: (Cady et al., 2019)]. If more than one article by the same author(s) in the same year is cited, use a lowercase letter designation to indicate the individual article [e.g.: (Smith, 2020a)]. Use the same designation in the reference list. Multiple citations in a parenthetical list should be separated by semicolons and ordered by date, oldest first. Multiple citations with the same date should be ordered alphabetically by first author. The reference list should be double spaced and in alphabetical order at the end of the article. For each reference, include the first three authors followed by et al. and the complete title of the cited article. Use journal abbreviations as provided by PubMed/Medline.
If references to personal communications or unpublished data are used, they are not to be in the list of references. They should be referred to in the text in parentheses: (AB Jones, personal communication). Include among the references any articles that have been accepted but have not yet published; identify the name of publication and add "In Press." If the reference has been published online, provide the DOI number in place of the page range.
Sample style for references:
Schmieder M, Kring DA. Earth's impact events through geologic time: a list of recommended ages for terrestrial impact structures and deposits. Astrobiology 2020;20:91-141.
Impey C, Lunine J, Funes J, eds. Frontiers of Astrobiology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2012.
Chapter in a book:
Hode T, Cady SL, von Dalwigk I, Kristiansson P. Evidence of ancient microbial life in an impact structure and its implications for astrobiology – a case study. In From Fossils to Astrobiology: Records of Life on Earth and Search for Extraterrestrial Biosignatures, edited by J. Seckbach and M. Walsh, Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology Book Series, Volume 12. Springer, Dordrecht, 2009, pp 249–273.
El-Maarry MR, Black SR, Hynek BM, et al. Testing operational strategies for a potential Mars helicopter using a commercial drone [abstract 2326]. In 49th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference Abstracts, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, 2018.
Hand KP, Murray AE, Garvin JB, et al. Report of the Europa Lander Science Definition Team. 2017. Available online at https://europa.nasa.gov/resources/58/europa-lander-study-2016-report/
Figure legends should be uploaded as a separate Word file and double spaced. In the legend, provide explanations for any abbreviations, arrows, etc. that appear in the figure. If the illustration is taken from a copyrighted publication, permission must be secured, appropriate credit must be given in the legend, and a corresponding reference must appear in the reference section.
All tables should be prepared in one single Word file. Provide a title for each table. Cite tables in sequence in the text. Explain abbreviations used in the body of the table in footnotes. If the table is taken from a copyrighted publication, permission must be secured, appropriate credit must be given in the legend, and a corresponding reference must appear in the reference section.
- Submission of high resolution .TIFF or .EPS figure files is strongly recommended.
- Figures should not be embedded within the manuscript file.
- Cite figures consecutively in text within parentheses.
- A legend should be supplied for each figure and all legends numbered consecutively.
- Images should not show the name of a patient or a manufacturer.
- Do not include any illustrations as part of your text file.
- Color illustrations are welcome, but the author must subsidize the cost of color publishing.
Astrobiology individualizes each issue by featuring a distinctive cover. Authors and scientific illustrators are encouraged to submit for consideration low-resolution versions of their figures and artwork to S.L. Cady, e-mail: email@example.com. Figures chosen for publication must meet the guidelines for high-resolution manuscript figures, but with a print size of 21.528 cm. A figure caption that explains succinctly the content of the cover art and acknowledges the contributor must be provided at the time of submission.
Following the references, provide the full name, complete affiliation with mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and institutional email address of the person to whom correspondence should be sent.
To upload a revision of a manuscript, the submitting author should log in to their Author Center and click on “Revised Manuscripts in Draft.” All revised submissions will be required to meet all formatting conditions described herein. Submissions that do not satisfy these requirements will be un-submitted and returned to the submitting author for proper configuration.
Letters to the Editor
Astrobiology will consider Letters to the Editor, but they should not exceed 500 words of text and 5 references. Letters submitted for publication must be original and must not be submitted to any other publication simultaneously.
Journal Policies on:
Licensing Information: OPEN ACCESS and Copyright
Data Sharing and Preprint Policies
Post-Acceptance and Post-Publication Policies
Correction Statements / Retractions
Reprints, Permissions, & Social Media Use
Plagiarism Detection Software
Definitions of Scientific Misconduct
Responding to Allegations of Scientific Misconduct
Press Embargo Policy
Archiving and Preservation
For questions regarding manuscript submissions, contact our Author Services Division.
Ensure maximum visibility, discoverability, and impact for your article with our Liebert Open Access (OA) option
Does your research funder have an open access mandate or would you like to expand the dissemination of your research?
The Liebert Open Access option enables authors to publish open access in our esteemed subscription-based journals.
The benefits of Liebert Open Access include:
- High visibility; open access articles are freely available online upon publication
- You retain copyright with the open access license allowing broad dissemination of your research
- You can freely share your article in repositories and research networks without restrictions
- Easy compliance with open access mandates
- Rigorous editorial and peer-review
- Targeted email announcement featuring a direct link to article
Identification and Marketing
Open access articles are listed with an OA icon in journal tables of content (TOC), TOC alerts, and in marketing announcements. Open access articles are highlighted and promoted in targeted email announcements to thousands of research leaders in your field.
Copyright and Licensing
If you choose to publish with open access, you will retain copyright of your article and a Creative Commons license will be applied. The liberal Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY) license is the default open access license used at Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The CC-BY license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.
Ordering Open Access
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Publishing biomedical or biotechnology research?
Biomedical researchers should consider publishing in BioResearch Open Access, a fully open access peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing top research in the biomedical and biotechnology fields. For details, please visit the information for authors on the journal website.
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NIH Public Access Policy: In order to assist our authors who have NIH funding to comply with this policy, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers will deposit the final accepted paper (after copy-editing and proofreading) to PubMed Central (PMC) on behalf of the authors. Authors need not take any action. The manuscript's public access posting on PMC will occur 12 months after final publication. This service is provided free of charge. Please note that authors may not deposit manuscripts directly to PMC or other sites without permission from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Publishing in Subscription Journals
By signing the copyright transfer statement, authors still retain a set of rights that allow for self-archiving.
Authors may archive their preprint manuscripts (version prior to peer review) at any time without restrictions. Authors may archive their postprint manuscripts (accepted version after peer review) in institutional repositories, preprint servers, and research networks after a 12 month embargo. The 12 month embargo period begins when the article is published online. Postprints must not be used for commercial purposes and acknowledgement must be given to the final publication, and publisher, by inserting the DOI number of the article in the following sentence: “Final publication is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers http://dx.doi.org/[insert DOI]”. Authors may archive on their personal website without an embargo provided their manuscript is updated with an acknowledgement to the publisher copyright and final published version.
The final published article (version of record) can never be archived in a repository, preprint server, or research network.
Publishing Open Access
Authors that wish to easily comply with funder or institutional open access mandates should consider publishing open access. Liebert Open Access option allows authors to make their research freely available online without restrictions. Additionally, Liebert Open Access option allows authors to retain copyright, archive and share the final published version of their article without restrictions. To publish open access please email email@example.com or visit Liebert Open Access for more information.